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Brenda Webster (1933-2019)
Accomplished local historian

SLHA has lost a prominent and highly regarded member in the death of Brenda Webster on 24 August. Brenda was for many years the chairman of SLHA's Local History Committee.

A more detailed tribute will follow.

August 2019

Wind Pumps
Visit to a Norfolk collection

Members of the SLHA Industrial Archaeology team have recently recorded a redundant wind pump at Oxcombe in the Wolds. This was made by the Buckinghamshire firm of E H Roberts and probably erected in the early twentieth century to raise water for farm stock.

In order to understand the operation of the wind pump, team members visited the Wind Energy Museum at Repps in Norfolk on 23 August. A range of wind engines, mostly in good working order, are displayed at the museum, though missing an example of Roberts’ extensive range.

In the photograph: the operation of a pump driving a scoop wheel is being considered.

August 2019

New Signs
Change of Livery at Jews' Court

In early August new signboards produced by Allen Signs of Whisby Road were erected at Jews' Court, one on the wall by the entrance and the other suspended above the pavement.

The hand-painted signs produced over 15 years ago had become very dull and battered. The signs - before and after - are shown below


August 2019

Bardney Abbey Service
Marking St Oswald's Day

A service was held to mark St Oswald's Day in the nave of the ruined abbey church of Bardney Abbey on Sunday 4 August. Over 60 attended the short ecumenical service and enjoyed a picnic on the grassy site.

The trust responsible for the abbey (Jews' Court and Bardney Abbey Trust) will shortly be amalgamating with SLHA, whose long-term headquarters have been at Jews' Court.

August 2019

Crafty Archaeology
Family activities at Kirton in Lindsey

A number of enthusiastic family groups helped the Society celebrate the 2019 National Festival of Archaeology with a joint event with Kirton-in-Lindsey Society held at the Jubilee Town Hall on Thursday 25th July.

Visitors had the opportunity to investigate a selection of images of Lincolnshire archaeology plus real and replica artefacts, and discover how they can help us find out about people in the past and how they lived.

Creating an Iron Age shield using card and foils and inspired by images of the real Witham shield, proved a popular activity. Adults and children alike were intrigued by the story of the Witham shield and how and where it was discovered. Other craft activities on offer included making a medieval head in clay and using craft materials to create some Roman style jewellery inspired by real examples.

The event was organised by Kathy Holland of the Society with thanks to the Kirton-in-Lindsey Society and the Jubilee Town Hall.

July 2019

Country House Water Supply
A guided tour at Gunby

As part of the 2019 Festival of Archaeology two members of the SLHA Industrial Archaeology team, Chris Lester and Eric Newton, led a tour of the small-scale waterworks at Gunby Hall on Wednesday 24 July.

A group of thirteen visitors were shown the range of water features which are located in the pasture a few hundred yards south-east of the Hall. Water from natural springs on this, the site of a medieval village, was collected and retained in a covered reservoir (see illustration) and then pumped to the house and its surrounding buildings and garden. Remains of both the original nineteenth century ram pump and the wind pump which replaced it were examined and discussed.

The interest and support of Astrid Gatenby and her staff at Gunby, a National Trust property, are warmly acknowledged.

July 2019

Tours in Uphill Lincoln
SLHA take a lead

SLHA contributed to the Uphill Lincoln Week (July 15-21) by offering a guided walk each day. The walking tours had the themes of Roman Uphill Lincoln and Lincoln’s Medieval Streets and Markets.

Despite the indifferent weather, the seven tours attracted a total of over 90 participants, some of whom were locals and some visitors to the city.

The tour guides who shared the leadership were Nigel Burn, Tom Finegan, Penny Forsdyke, Avril Golding, Malcolm Stainforth and Karen Wood.

Photo: The Roman tour, close to Newport Arch

July 2019

Devon Study Tour
SLHA members enjoy a long weekend

The 2019 SLHA Study Tour was based in Exeter over the weekend 11 to 15 July. The event was organised and led by Ken Hollamby with the essential involvement of local guides and heritage site managers.

The long drive to Devon was broken by a visit to Stonehenge. The first full day kept the group in Exeter, first at the Royal Albert Memorial Museum (where Tom Cadbury former Lincoln museum curator was the guide) and then, according to individual choice, at various city sites.

Most of the group took a cruise along the Jurassic Coast from Exmouth to Sidmouth on Saturday morning. This was followed by a visit to Beer Quarry Caves.

Sunday was spent in the Merrivale area of Dartmoor viewing a variety of archaeological sites on a walk led by Richard Ware of the Dartmoor Guides.

The final visit was to Coldharbour Mill at Uffcolme on the journey back to Lincolnshire. It was a very enjoyable weekend for all, enhanced by warm summer weather.

Photos: Members at Stonehenge and Dartmoor (Bronze Age standing stone)

July 2019

Tennyson and Landscape
Lecture at Raithby Chapel

The annual lecture in honour of Robert Carr Brackenbury was held in the recently refurbished chapel attached to Brackenbury’s house at Raithby by Spilsby on 13 July. The speaker was Prof Mark Seaward, Emeritus Professor of Environmental Biology, Bradford University; his topic ‘Environmental Interpretation of the English Landscape, with particular reference to Tennyson, John Clare and Peter de Wint’.

Prof Seaward illustrated his talk with extracts from the poems of Tennyson and Clare, the latter being much more au fait with the details of local fauna and flora and also with the upheaval of rural life at the time of Enclosure in early nineteenth-century Lincolnshire.

This year’s lecture was arranged by the Tennyson Society and chaired by Kathleen Jefferson. In line with the unfailing and much valued tradition, a splendid tea was provided by ladies of Spilsby Methodist Church and served in Raithby Village Hall after the lecture.

Professor Mark Seaward

July 2019

The Disappearance of Dunwich
An archaeological investigation

The monthly meeting at St Hugh’s Hall Lincoln on 19 June enjoyed an absorbing talk from Professor Carenza Lewis* on an archaeological excavation at Dunwich on the Suffolk coast in 2015.  This brief but intensive project was led by archaeologists from the Universities of Cambridge and Lincoln working alongside members of the local community.

For a time during the 12th and 13th centuries Dunwich was the fifth largest town in the country but it dwindled in size to today’s mere handful of houses through two factors: the steady erosion of the coastline to the east, where the town’s buildings were situated, and the silting up of the all-important harbour to the north alongside the estuary of the Dunwich River.

The excavation led by Prof Lewis, through trenches and test pits, uncovered a wide range of pottery fragments which confirmed the time span and significance of the settlement as a trading centre. It also became clear that the loss of the harbour, not the coastal erosion, was the primary cause of Dunwich’s decline; there was evidence that the town did not sustain its size by rebuilding on safer ground to the west as the sea encroached.

* Carenza Lewis is Professor for the Public Understanding of Research, College of  Arts, University of Lincoln

Professor Carenza Lewis

June 2019

The Civil War in Lincolnshire
A successful day conference

On Saturday 15 June a conference was held at Christ’s Hospital School, Lincoln, on The Civil War in Lincolnshire 1642-1660. The event was organised jointly by SLHA and the Cromwell Association. The presentations delivered to the audience of over 120 were:

Lincolnshire and the Outbreak of Civil War - Dr Clive Holmes

Cromwell’s First Campaign: Peterborough, Crowland and Gainsborough 1643 - Stuart Orme

Crisis in Command: Conflicting Military Authorities in the East Midlands - Professor Martyn Bennet

Life in a Garrisoned Town: Newark 1642-1644; Bolthole and Bastion for East Midlands Royalists - Dr Stuart Jennings

The City of Lincoln during and after the English Civil Wars - Dr Jonathan Fitzgibbons

The Human Cost of the Civil Wars: Lincolnshire and its Hinterlands - Dr David Appleby

The conference speakers

June 2019

On Saturday 1 June a group of 40 people assembled at The Heneage Arms in Hainton to learn from the SLHA Building Recording Group (RUBL) about the historic Lincoln Lane Farmhouse in the centre of nearby Sixhills.

Members of RUBL gave presentations describing details of the building’s construction and history that have emerged from more than three years’ fieldwork and research. Jenne Pape and Chris Page began by giving a general description of the building, with particular reference to its timber frame, chimneys, brickwork and staircases.

The special photographic techniques, including rectified photography, used during the recording of the building were outlined by Richard Croft. These had enabled an extremely accurate record to be made of building’s construction, including the stones built into the walls which were recovered from the Gilbertine Sixhills Priory following the dissolution.

Mark Gardiner gave an account of the re-used twelfth-century oak timbers at first-floor level, an unexpected and intriguing discovery. These joists are of fine quality.  The oak from which these timbers were carved came from Sherwood Forest and is similar to timbers in the roof of Lincoln Cathedral.

Naomi Field’s presentation dealt with the extensions to the original building and the cellar. As part of the project, Paul Croft had taken paint samples from some of the building’s painted surfaces. Laboratory analysis enabled him to identify and date some of the house’s internal decoration over a long period of time.

David Stocker, RUBL Chairman, summarised the documentary history of the farmhouse and its tenants. He provided a plausible and coherent account of the building’s use and significance over the past four hundred years.

Following lunch, members visited Lincoln Lane Farmhouse and, with the help of RUBL members, examined this intriguing building.

RUBL is open to all members of the Society and has an active programme of work. Anyone interested in joining should contact RUBL’s secretary Ken Hollamby

Photograph: Ken Hollamby and Jenne Pape discuss the timber framed building with Norman Bonner (former head carpenter at Lincoln Cathedral)

June 2019

National Accolade
Award for SLHA Journal article

Adam Cartwright’s history of the Grantham Brewer, Mowbray and Co, published in in Volume 19 of the SLHA journal Lincolnshire History and Archaeology has received a Local History Award from the British Association for Local History. Adam was presented with the award at a meeting of BALH in London on 1 June.

This award recognises the painstaking research that Adam regularly invests in a range of Lincolnshire related topics and his skill in marshalling and presenting his material. It also reflects on the high standards set by the editor of LHA, Dave Start, and excellent work of Ros Beevers in typesetting and layout of our journal.

Photograph: Adam Cartwright receiving the award from Professor Caroline Barron, BALH  President.

June 2019

Claxby Ironstone Mine
A walk around the site

As part of the 2019 Wolds Walking festival, Stewart Squires led a walk from the Viking Centre in Claxby on 31 May to the nearby site of the nineteenth century ironstone mine.

A keen and attentive group of walkers learned about the precarious life of miners and, under the leader’s expert guidance, made some sense of the steep hillside’s humps and hollows.

Stewart’s book on the ironstone mines at Claxby and Nettleton was published by SLHA in 2017.

On the site of the Claxby Mine

May 2019

Beside the Seaside
Successful Skegness Conference

Over seventy members, guests and speakers assembled at the Storehouse in Skegness on 18 May for the Local History Conference ‘Beside the Seaside’.

Sue Leese began with her personal reflections of the 1953 flood at Sutton on Sea. Much of her knowledge had come from her father who had been a teacher in the town. Accounts from the children he taught survived and formed the basis of her book on the flood.

Chris Hewis explained the development of Skegness as a resort through maps, images, adverts and postcards dating from the 1870s. Particularly amusing was his story of how the landowning Earl of Scarbrough had named the new streets and squares after members of his extended family.

Dr Susan Barton of De Montfort University described the story of the 1932 Sandhills Act which allowed the then Lindsey County Council to remove the collection of shanty holiday homes which had been built on the sandhills of the east coast. Her research had been helped by the discovery of a remarkable set of photos taken by the council before the Act.

Dr Caitlin Green outlined the evolution of the Lincolnshire coastline from c. 1250-1650 with stories of drowned villages, lost barrier islands and erosion. Caitlin’s in-depth research involved much use of maps including some from the late David Robinson.

Skegness-born Tammy Smalley, Head of Conservation for Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust, introduced herself by detailing her extensive Lincolnshire ancestry. She then described various coastal changes and the effect on wildlife and natural habitats in coastal saltwater and freshwater marshes and the various seal colonies and diversity of birds that wintered around our shores.

Jim Snee, the Project Officer of Heritage Lincolnshire’s Layers of History, recounted the decline and fall of Freiston Shore from a popular resort with two hotels and attractions such as horseracing to the peaceful RSPB reserve of today. The extension of the railway to Skegness was largely responsible – later railway plans to Freiston Shore never materialised.

The Local History team is grateful to all the speakers and to the Storehouse for their excellent facilities and buffet.

Conference speakers: Jim Snee; Sue Leese; Caitlin Green; Susan Barton; Mark Acton (LH Chairman); Tammy Smalley; Chris Hewis.

May 2019

Brayford Pool
The industrial past

The monthly meeting at St Hugh’s Hall in May was entertained by a talk from Neil Wright about the development of industries alongside Lincoln’s Brayford Pool in the period 1750 to 1850.

The sylvan nature of the pool changed soon after the Fossdyke, at its western extremity, was made navigable in the 1740s; shortly after, the Witham to Boston was also much improved.

A wide range of factories, mills, maltings and warehouses were erected on the north and east sides; these included the large flour mills of Hovis and Dickinson, maltings owned by Bass, a silk mill and a banana warehouse.

The city’s first gasworks were built on the north-western corner of the pool and several decades later the electricity works were built a short distance away (the office building has only recently been demolished).

Four pubs – the Horse and Groom, the Swan, Royal William IV and the Crown – were handily situated for the many workman employed in the area; two of these are still in business.

Small lifting and swing bridges, built respectively at the west and east ends of Brayford, were demolished in the mid-20th century. The land to the south, which was prone to flooding, became a railway marshalling yard and is now the site of the University of Lincoln.

The north-east corner of Brayford (undated postcard by Frith)

May 2019

A Lincolnshire Nurse
World War One heroine

At the monthly SLHA meeting in St Hugh’s Hall on 17 April, Chris Hewis gave an illustrated talk about a remarkable Lincolnshire-born nurse.

Jean Bemrose, born Asterby 1885, trained in Liverpool and served in several English hospitals under the Red Cross. Promoted to sister in 1915, she worked in the St John Ambulance Brigade hospital in the large hospital complex at Etapes, northern France, where she dealt with severely wounded soldiers from the French and Belgian battlefields.

A German bombing raid on the hospital in spring 1918 destroyed the building and, under dangerous conditions, Jean continued to care for her patients with little concern for her own safety. For this she was awarded the Military Medal.

Jean Bemrose retained many items relating to her wartime experiences – including some exceptional photographs – and these have been passed on through her nephew to the Saxilby and District History Society (of which Chris Hewis is chairman).

April 2019

Tudor Tales
Family activities at Market Rasen

An Easter Holiday event organised by the Society for families on the popular theme of Tudors took place at Market Rasen Library.

This well attended event offered visitors a selection of activities, one of which was to craft a jester's head in clay. This was inspired by a jester’s head which features in the photo galleries on the Society website and is part of the archaeology collections at The Collection in Lincoln.

Additional activities included making a Tudor Rose pendant and finding out the history of the Tudor Rose. Visitors were also able to try their hand at playing Tudor Five Stones in addition to using their imaginations to create a Story Scroll.

Both visitors and staff at Market Rasen Library are keen for the Society to continue to arrange more events for families.

Event organised by Kathy Holland

Models of jester's heads 

April 2019

Marjorie Whaler (1928-2019)
A much valued SLHA member

Marjorie Whaler, who died recently, grew up in Cleethorpes and after marriage and moving around the country, she and her husband Bernard returned to their native county. In particular, Marjorie was pleased to dwell near Lincoln and be in a position to build on her interest in archaeology.

She did not get involved in much active archaeology but found several organisations in which she could foster her interest. SLHA became an important one of them.

Marjorie became involved with the library at SLHA and, with the aid of a lottery grant, she fully indexed the collection and kept it up to date for many years. She also produced a card index of articles published in the Society's magazines (before the days of digitisation).

Answering a multitude of queries about LIncolnshire's history and archaeology - often involving considerable research - was another invaluable contribution that she made over several years in the 'backroom' at SLHA. She was also one of the reguar volunteers delivering the quarterly mailing to members in her local area to the east of Lincoln.

Marjorie was one of those most valuable workers behind the scenes so vital to the wellbeing of the Society.

April 2019

Open Lincoln Weekend
Visitors and Guided Walks

Over the weekend March 30-31 many of Lincoln’s historic sites opened their doors and welcomed visitors - at no charge. Jews’ Court again attracted a number of visitors who were told about its history and significance by Pearl Wheatley. Chris Hewis was guide to a mounted display of Lincoln photographs from his postcard collection; he also showed visitors less familiar areas of the building, including the attic.

Tours looking at historic aspects of the City were arranged on both Saturday and Sunday. These covered Roman Uphill Lincoln, Medieval streets and markets, and the city in the Victorian industrial period. Leaders were Penny, Karen, Avril, Mal, Tom and Nigel. The total count of tour participants was 337, a very satisfying number.

Photos: Right - Penny and Karen leading groups looking at aspects of Lincoln in the industrial period.
Below: Chris Hewis (centre) and Pearl Wheatley (left) giving insights into Jews' Court's history and discussing local photographs.


April 2019

Treasures from a Tip
Excavations at Lincoln Castle

During the recent major restoration project at Lincoln Castle ('Lincoln Castle Revealed') an area close to the East Gate was excavated and found to contain a wide range of material from the late twelfth century. Cecily Spall of FAS Heritage, York, gave a fascinating account of the finds on this site to a large audience at St Hugh’s Hall, Lincoln, on 20 March.

Thousands of animal bones and hundreds of pot sherds have been collected and identified. The bones are from a wide range of species: cow, pig, sheep, birds and fish. The area excavated was clearly the midden which received food scraps and other rubbish from the castle kitchen.

There were also several horseshoes and shoe nails; other evidence confirmed the proximity of stables. Some items appeared to have come from ‘sweepings’ in the Great Hall: these included dice, a flute, bone pins and a seal box of Roman origin.

These finds have been tied in with the likely group of buildings in this area, including the Observatory Tower, now thought to have originated as a gaol. A publication is expected in the near future.

Image: The East Gate: the C12 buildings were immediately to the right of the gate.


March 2019

Lincoln Eastern Bypass
Remarkable archaeological finds

Ruben Lopez Catalan is the principal archaeologist working on the site of Lincoln’s new Eastern Bypass, particularly near the crossing over the Witham and the B1190 in Washingborough. He described the range of finds revealed on this large excavated site in a talk to SLHA members on Sunday 17 March.

There have been many interesting – some outstanding and nationally important – finds from every period: axe heads and flints (Palaeolithic); funerary enclosure (Neolithic); barrows and log boat (Bronze Age); timber causeway (Iron Age); villa, coins, Samian ware, leatherware, artefacts (Roman); extensive cemetery, various artefacts (Saxon); Cistercian monastic grange (Medieval); farmstead (Post-Medieval).

Full written accounts of these finds are eagerly awaited.

March 2019

Christopher Wordsworth
A notable Bishop of Lincoln

Elys Varney gave a brief biography of this nineteenth century bishop in a talk to SLHA members as part of a Sunday Special at Jews’ Court on 17 March. Wordsworth (1807-1885), nephew of the poet, was an outstanding student at Winchester and Cambridge before ordination (by Bishop Kaye of Lincoln) and significant travels in Italy and Greece.

As Headmaster of Harrow School he had a school chapel built and transformed religious worship. He then became a Canon (later Archdeacon) of Westminster and held a living in Berkshire. He was appointed to the Bishopric of Lincoln in 1869, a post he held until his death in 1885.

As Bishop he founded the City’s Theological College (latterly in Wordsworth Street, named after the Bishop) and was a key figure in the reorganisation of the Diocese. As a scholar he published commentaries on both New and Old Testaments and was a noted writer of hymns.

March 2019

Lincolnshire Bricks
A wide-ranging collection

The late David Robinson of Louth was an acknowledged authority on Lincolnshire bricks – both their production and use in the County’s buildings. He amassed a large collection of local bricks and also a range of documents about Lincolnshire’s brickmaking industry.

Ken Redmore gave details of David’s brick ‘legacy’ in one of three talks at Jews’ Court on 17 March. Photographs showing kilns, machinery and brickworkers are invaluable but quite rare. These together with brickyard histories and written accounts of local brickmaking practice are highlights of the written and printed material.

Industrial archaeologists from SLHA have selected about 200 bricks from David’s huge collection (fortunately all carefully labelled) and prepared these as a permanent collection to be retained and displayed at the Alford Manor House Museum.  Some bricks are from identified brickyards and brickmakers; some are from demolished or decaying local buildings; others are examples of brick and tile types which David used in his popular courses. (David is seen, right, with students moulding a brick on one of his Horncastle College courses.)

March 2019

Paul Robinson, OBE, retired air vice-marshal, spoke to SLHA members at St Hugh’s Hall, Lincoln on 13 February. There were 27 bases within the Lincolnshire (widely known as ‘Bomber County’) from which bomber aircraft flew in WW2 and it is fitting that the national memorial and archive should be located close to Lincoln.

As the war progressed the design and capabilities of bomber aircraft developed rapidly and the ability to pinpoint enemy targets improved considerably.  Nevertheless huge numbers of aircraft and men were lost; out of nearly 9000 bombers which were shot down or crashed, 3500 were from Lincolnshire airfields. Pilots and aircrew had a very low life expectancy and it is their bravery and fortitude that are commemorated in particular at the new IBCC.

Photo: The principal memorial and record of names at the IBCC

February 2019

Aerial Photography
A tool in the study of archaeology

‘Unlocking the Power of Aerial Photography’ was the title of a short talk given by Kathryn Murphy* at a Sunday Special in Lincoln on 20 January. This useful technique ‘took off’ in the First World War and in a short time its value as a tool for revealing and understanding archaeological sites was recognised. Millions of aerial images, either vertical or oblique, have now been collected and are available for study.

Shadows cast by small undulations in grassland indicate the layout of sites such as deserted medieval villages, and variations in crop growth in cultivated land can indicate the location of long-buried structures. Exceptionally dry periods also give rise to differential growth and maturing rates of grass in sites of buried archaeology.

The more recent technique of LIDAR has added considerably to the benefits of aerial photography.

* Kathryn Murphy is Assistant Officer for the Historic Enviroment Records, Lincoln

January 2019

Twelfth Century Timbers
A remarkable find at Sixhills

Mark Gardiner* was one of three speakers at a well-attended SLHA Sunday Special in Lincoln on 20 January. He gave details of the twelfth century timbers found in Lincoln Lane Farmhouse, Sixhills, where SLHA’s Building Recording Group (RUBL) has been conducting a recording project.

These timbers form the floor joists of a wool store in the early sixteenth-century farmhouse. Dendrochronology gives 1139-64 as the felling date and further analysis (dendroprovenancing) indicates they came from oaks owned by the Crown in Sherwood Forest. The original use of the timber (before Sixhills) is still being considered; deep holes spaced along the edges of the timbers are significant but puzzling.

*Dr Mark Gardiner is Reader in Heritage at the College of Arts, University of Lincoln

Photograph: Lincoln Lane Farmhouse, Sixhills

January 2019

Two Bostons
Lincolnshire men and the US city

The theme of Neil Wright’s talk at the Sunday Special on 20 January was the links between Lincolnshire’s Boston and its namesake in Massachusetts, USA.

In the early seventeenth century Boston in Lincolnshire was deeply influenced by Puritan religion and philosophy. Its Calvinistic vicar John Cotton led the way and developed a strong following in the town and in the wider region.

The groups of settlers who established a colony in what became Boston in America in 1630 took Cotton as a spiritual leader. Over the next forty years, as the new Boston became established, leaders of the new colony mostly originated from Lincolnshire.

Photograph: Boston Guildhall

January 2019

Buildings and Pilgrimage
Medieval buildings in Walsingham, Norfolk

Little Walsingham in north Norfolk has been a place of pilgrimage since the building of the priory in the twelfth century. Several medieval buildings related to hospitality for pilgrims survive in the town and have been the subject of recent study by the Norfolk Historic Buildings Group.

Ian Hinton, a leading member of NHBG, gave an illustrated talk on these buildings to SLHA members in Lincoln on 16 January. Many of the buildings are timber-framed, exhibiting a range of structural styles and decoration. A variety of trusses, dragon posts, staircases and wall paintings were illustrated by Ian in this enjoyable and informative presentation.

Photo: SLHA members on a visit to Walsingham in 2017 


January 2019

Lincolnshire Anniversaries in 2019
Notable People and Events from the Past


* Austin Friars established in Lincoln; one of their buildings, Greyfriars, still stands between Broadgate and Free School Lane.

* Katherine Willoughby, 4th wife of the Duke of Suffolk, who lived at Grimsthorpe with her second husband Richard Bertie, born this year (22 March)

* Margaret Flowers, one of the witches of Belvoir, hanged at Lincoln Castle (11 March)
* Thomas, Lord Clinton, alias Fiennes, MP for Lincolnshire between 1604 and 1610 died at Tattershall (15 January)
* The Free Grammar School in Heighington founded by Thomas Garratt for poor children in Heighington, Washingborough and Branston
* Sir Richard Hansard died. He was born in Biscathorpe in 1550 and served with distinction as a soldier in Ireland.

* Birth of Susannah Wesley, mother of John, Charles and 13 other children
* Isaac Newton appointed Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University at the age of 26
* Land purchased for first Quaker burial ground in Lincoln

* Free school established in East Kirkby by the endowment of Gregory Croft and his wife Margaret (16 May)
* William Banks, father of Sir Joseph Banks, born Revesby
* Donington Grammar School established by Thomas Cowley
* John Landen FRS, mathematician, born Spalding (23 January)
* John Grundy, civil engineer based in Spalding, born Congerstone, Leicestershire. His major works in Lincolnshire include the earth dam at Grimsthorpe Castle and Louth Navigation.
* Sir George Thorold of Harmston became Lord Mayor of London

* Lincoln County Hospital founded near Broadgate Bridge (it moved to Drury Lane in 1777)
* Eresby Hall, Spilsby, home of the Willoughby family, destroyed by fire
* Sir Francis Bernard (1712-1779), one time High Steward of Lincoln and Recorder of Boston, created Ist Baronet Bernard of Nettleham, (5 April) (the baronetcy became extinct 1883)
* Parishes enclosed by Act of Parliament: Atterby, Barnoldby le Beck, Beckingham, Claypole, Ingham, North Hykeham, Snitterby, South Willingham, Sudbrook, Waddingham, Waltham
* Revd William Reckitt was born near Gainsborough. He worked as a weaver in Wainfleet and spent time in America as a missionary.

* James Coultas, agricultural engineer, born Grantham
* Independent chapel, costing £1200, opened in Grove Street, Boston
* Thomas Forman, printer & publisher of the Nottingham Guardian from 1849, born Louth (19 January)
* Maud Foster five-sailed windmill built in Boston for Thomas and Isaac Reckitt of Wainfleet by the Hull millwrights Norman and Smithson at a cost of £1,800
* Lincoln Lunatic Asylum founded off Union Road, later to become known as The Lawn
* Lincolnshire’s second Agricultural Society formed at a meeting in the Reindeer Inn, Guildhall Street, Lincoln (21 April)
* The medieval market cross rebuilt at Market Deeping
* Free School built in Market Deeping
* Turner, Hardy and Newcombe’s Bank formed in Grantham with a capital of £16,000
* Joseph Shuttleworth, boat builder, then agricultural engineer, born at Dogdyke (12 July)

* Foundation stone of St Swithun’s Church, Lincoln laid by the Bishop of Lincoln, Christopher Wordsworth (Easter Day)
* Christopher Addison MP, the first Minister of Health 1919-21, born at Hogsthorpe (19 June)
* First Show of the current Lincolnshire Agriculture Society held in Lincoln on the Cowpaddle (29-31 July)
* Diana, the last whaling shop from the port of Hull, wrecked at Donna Nook in a severe gale
* Grantham’s Guildhall, designed by William Watkins of Lincoln and built by William Wartnaby, completed at a cost of £2,480
* All Hallows church, North Kelsey, largely rebuilt by William White
* Arthur Smith, first curator of Lincoln’s City and County Museum (now The Collection), born Leicester.
* Schools opened at Osgodby, Careby and South Hykeham
* St Phillip Mission church built at Guy's Head in the parish of Sutton Bridge
* Lincoln YMCA founded
* Greek National poet Andreas Kalvos died in Louth and later buried in Keddington churchyard. Following intervention by the Greek Ambassador, his body was repatriated to Zacynthos in 1960.

* Boston Council purchased land for Central Park (previously Hopkin’s Park)
* Florence Jackson murdered in a fit of jealousy by George Rowland at Fulbeck (31 May)
* Work began on Swanpool Garden Suburb, Lincoln
* Lincolnshire Tennis (The Lincolnshire Lawn Tennis Association) founded
* What finally became St John’s Hospital at Bracebridge Heath changed its name from Bracebridge District Lunatic Asylum to Bracebridge Mental Hospital
* Eamon de Valera, Irish Dissident, escaped from Lincoln Prison with the aid of a duplicate key concealed in a cake (4 February)
* First international tractor trials to be held in the UK, South Carlton (September)

* The Lincolnshire Association for the Arts and Heritage opened the Museum of Lincolnshire Life (29 July)
* Four horse riders (an instructor and three 8-year-old children) died in thick fog on the beach at Cleethorpes (17 September)
* Primary schools closed in Ashby de la Launde, Bicker, Burton Pedwardine, Sutton St Edmund, and Withcall.
* Horncastle Children’s Home closed. The buildings were then extended and remodelled as the County’s residential education centre.
* Robert Stephenson, 75-year-old recluse, killed by robbers at his home in Barton upon Humber (April)
* Regular hovercraft service between Grimsby and Hull began (17 Feb)
* Tony Jacklin, a native of Scunthorpe, won The Open Championship (golf), the first British player for 18 years to do so (12 July)

January 2019