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Gainsborough
 
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

All Saints church in Gainsborough has a Perpendicular medieval tower; the nave and chancel were re-built in 1736-44 in a style similar to St Martin in the Fields.

Inside there are wooden galleries and box pews. It is the largest Georgian church in the county.

Postcard, c1910

Gainsborough, Perpendicular, Georgian,
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

The 14th century tower has a Perpendicular west window and tall bell openings.

The two vestries flanking the tower are of 1903 by G F Bodley.

February 2014

Gainsborough, All Saints church, G F Bodley
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

The tower of All Saints is 14th century while the nave and chancel were rebuilt in classical style by Francis Smith of Warwick in 1736-44.

The high, spacious interior is flanked by Corinthian columns.

February 2014

Gainsborough, All Saints church, Francis Smith
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

The 18th century apse has round headed windows with decorative surrounds, and a Venetian east window.

February 2014

Gainsborough, All Saints church, Venetian window
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

View of All Saints' church from the north-west.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, All Saints church, Amcoats
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

View of All Saints from the south-east.

postcard by Valentine, 1904

Gainsborough, All Saints church, Valentine
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints

View of All Saints from the south-west.

postcard dated 1912

Gainsborough, All Saints
Gainsborough, All Saints, Font
Gainsborough, All Saints, Font
Gainsborough, All Saints, Font

Mid C18 Marble font.

Positioned opposite the pulpit. 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, font
Gainsborough, All Saints, Francis Elliott
Gainsborough, All Saints, Francis Elliott
Gainsborough, All Saints, Francis Elliott

Wall plaque north aisle. 

"A British officer, Lieutenant Elliott commanding the local Constabulary at Serenli was brutally attacked and killed along with 35 African police, 7 others were wounded, 3 deserted and some 50 villagers were also murdered.

The local warlord Abdurraham Mursaal had tricked Lieutenant Elliott into disarming his constables when they were "off duty""

See also

http://museums.bristol.gov.uk/details.php?irn=239033  

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, Francis Elliott, DISTRICT COMMISSIONER, JUBALAND, SERENLI, BARDERA
Gainsborough, All Saints, interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, interior

View of the interior of All Saints.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, All Saints church, interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior

Nave and chancel 1736-44.

"Semi-circular apse, galleries, original box pews and brass candelabrum.

Architect, Smith of Leicester"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147378 

"It was the reordering of the church in 2003/4 that gave provision for the installation of a circular dais to match the curve of the Georgian Apse, a new nave altar, extra lighting and a complete redecoration of the building"

http://gainsboroughchurches.org/wordpress/about-us/all-saints/history/ 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, Francis Smith
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior
Gainsborough, All Saints, Interior

Organ case 1793 but extended in 1906 for a new organ.

Royal arms below post 1837.

Benefactions boards on either side of the west entrance. 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church
Gainsborough, All Saints, Lady Chapel
Gainsborough, All Saints, Lady Chapel
Gainsborough, All Saints, Lady Chapel

Bodley window depicting Faith, Hope & Charity.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Frederick_Bodley 

DB 21 August 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, George Frederick Bodley, stained glass
Gainsborough, All Saints, Pulpit
Gainsborough, All Saints, Pulpit
Gainsborough, All Saints, Pulpit

By J.L.Pearson 1869.

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, Church, Pulpit, J.L.Pearson
Gainsborough, All Saints, Richard Rollett
Gainsborough, All Saints, Richard Rollett
Gainsborough, All Saints, Richard Rollett

Tombstone re-positioned inside the entrance.

"Sacred

to the Memory of

RICHARD ROLLETT

formerly Master Sail Maker of

H.M.S. the Resolution

Capn James Cook in her 2nd Voyage

round the World

Died the 20th January 1824" 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, Richard Rollett, Sail Maker, HMS Resolution, Captain James Cook
Gainsborough, All Saints, Royal Arms
Gainsborough, All Saints, Royal Arms
Gainsborough, All Saints, Royal Arms

Royal arms post 1837 positioned below the organ case and above the west entrance.

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, All Saints, church, royal arms
Gainsborough, Ashcroft Oil Mill
Gainsborough, Ashcroft Oil Mill
Gainsborough, Ashcroft Oil Mill

Crushing linseed and rape seed was an important industry in Gainsborough in the nineteenth century.

The Ashcroft Oil Mill, alongside the Trent, was built in 1826 with a 9-storey brick tower mill as part of the complex.

Crushing ceased here in 1942 and the buildings were demolished in 1954.

Gainsborough, Ashcroft oil mill
Gainsborough, Cemetery
Gainsborough, Cemetery
Gainsborough, Cemetery

In this view of the cemetery there seem to be a remarkable number of recent graves awaiting headstones.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, cemetery, Amcoats
Gainsborough, Cemetery Chapel
Gainsborough, Cemetery Chapel
Gainsborough, Cemetery Chapel

Gainsborough General Cemetery is situated on Cox's Hill to the east of the town centre.

The Friends of the General Cemetery have played a large role in recent work to repair headstones and 'bring to life' the careers of servicemen buried here.

PW July 2015

Gainsborough, General Cemetery
Gainsborough, Holy Trinity
Gainsborough, Holy Trinity
Gainsborough, Holy Trinity

Holy Trinity was made redundant as a place of worship in 1974. It is now the Trinity Arts Centre.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Holy Trinity church
Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lea Road School

"Lea Road Council School was opened on 3 May 1906, replacing the Bridge Road and Hickman Street Schools.

There were initially separate Departments for Boys, Girls and Infants"

https://www.lincstothepast.com/Records/RecordDisplaySearchResults.aspx?oid=645107&mode=c&pageNo=15 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lea Road School

"In August 1930 the school was re-organised with Departments for Infants, Junior Girls and Senior Girls"

"The school became Gainsborough Lea Road County Primary School and Gainsborough Lea Road Secondary Modern School for girls c.1945.

These were re-named as Gainsborough South Secondary School and Gainsborough South County School in 1956.

The South Secondary School was closed on 16 December 1965"

"In 1993, the Gainsborough South County Infant School was merged with the Gainsborough Benjamin Adlard County Junior School, on the latter site, to form the Gainsborough Benjamin Adlard County Primary School"

https://www.lincstothepast.com/Records/RecordDisplaySearchResults.aspx?oid=645107&mode=c&pageNo=15 

The iconic building subsequently became a business centre but has now been empty for many years.

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, Lea Road School
Gainsborough, Lord Street
Gainsborough, Lord Street
Gainsborough, Lord Street

The view along Lord Street towards Market Street during the Second World War.

On the right are the chemist shop of Lawrence B Barrow (34 Lord St) and George F Coney, confectioner (36 Lord St).

M&L National Series postcard, 1943

Gainsborough, Lord Street, Lawrence Barrow, George Coney
Gainsborough, Lord Street
Gainsborough, Lord Street
Gainsborough, Lord Street

This view of Lord Street and Market Street shows Baines & Son, watchmaker (at the corner on the left) and William Longmire, clothier (second shop on the right - beyond the AA sign).

Valentine postcard, undated.

Gainsborough, Lord Street, Baines, William Longmire
Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Market Place

Gainsborough is a red brick town, important in the wool trade in Medieval times and significant when the engineers Marshall, Sons & Co thrived in the nineteenth century. For much of the twentieth century it was in decline.

The Market Place is small and unremarkable. The building in the background of this photograph is the Town Hall.

Pevsner only records "the robust Neo-Georgian National Provincial Bank, 1926 by F C R Palmer".

postcard, 1907

Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Market Place
Undated Tuck postcard of the early 20th century.
Gainsborough, Market Place
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works

The frontage of Marshalls' Britannia Works on Beaumont Street, Gainsborough, an outstanding example of a Victorian engineering works.

Most of the site has now been developed as a retail park.

Gainsborough, Britannia,
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Britannia Works

"Engineering Works, built as a Steam Traction Engine Works for Marshalls and Sons Co Ltd, from 1848 onwards"

"elaborate round arch topped by a parapet and crowned by a statue of Britannia"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1253202 

Most of the site has now been developed as a retail park. 

DB 21 August 2018

Gainsborough, Britannia Works, Marshalls and Sons Co
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers

William Marshall set up his Gainsborough engineering firm in 1848.

It moved in 1856 to a site on Beaumont Street near the station.

The works eventually occupied 28 acres (12 Ha) and in the early 1900s, at the time of this photograph, the firm employed over 3500 men.

Gainsborough had a population of about 19,000 at the time and was dominated by the works.

Gainsborough, Marshall Son & Co, workers, Beaumont Street
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers
Gainsborough, Marshalls' Workers

This scene of Marshall workers leaving the factory was taken in about 1910.

At the time, a product for sale at home and abroad was the threshing machine. The steam engine - a major part of Marshalls' output - had been largely superseded by the diesel engine.

Marshalls' became an important maker of diesel-powered agricultural tractors in the twentieth century.

Gainsborough, Marshall Sons & co, workers
Gainsborough, Marshalls' works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' works
Gainsborough, Marshalls' works

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?


Gainsborough,Marshalls works
Gainsborough, Martin's Oil Mill
Gainsborough, Martin's Oil Mill
Gainsborough, Martin's Oil Mill

This eighteenth century print depicts Luke Martin’s oil mill, i.e. a mill for crushing linseed to extract oil.

The location is on the high ground to the east of the town centre, with the parish church and Old Hall in the foreground.

The tower mill appears to have four common sails and a rounded cap winded by a braced tailpole.

Print, 1747

Gainsborough, Luke Martin's oil mill
Gainsborough, Methodist Church
Gainsborough, Methodist Church
Gainsborough, Methodist Church

Gainsborough’s Methodist Church was built in 1968 on the site of the former Wesley Chapel in North Street.

It was known as St Stephen’s Methodist Church until 1999. The interior of the church was refurbished in 2006.

November 2017

Gainsborough, Methodist Church, St Stephen
Gainsborough, Methodist Church
Gainsborough, Methodist Church
Gainsborough, Methodist Church

"Saint Stephen's, built on the site of the old Wesley Chapel, North Street, in 1968, was re-named Gainsborough Methodist Church in 1999"

https://www.lincstothepast.com/Gainsborough-Methodist-Church/816965.record?pt=S 

DB 19 June 2018 

Gainsborough, Methodist Church, Saint Stephen's
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

Described by English Heritage as ‘among the biggest and best preserved medieval manor houses in England’, Gainsborough Old Hall was built in the late 15th century for the de Burgh family.

The brick building has three ranges, the grand Great Hall with its timber frame and massive timber roof occupying the central range.

Also impressive is the kitchen with its huge ovens and fireplaces.

See: www.english-heritage.org.uk

Undated postcard

Gainsborough, Old Hall, de Burgh
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the east (front).

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, old hall, Amcoats
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the north.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the south-east.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the south.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the south-west.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

View of the Old Hall from the north-east.

undated postcard by Valentine

Gainsborough, Old Hall, Valentine
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall
Gainsborough, Old Hall

Aerial view of the Old Hall frojm the north-east.

The medieval kitchen is the block in the right foreground.

undated postcard

Gainsborough, Old Hall, kitchen
Gainsborough, Old Hall, corn exchange
Gainsborough, Old Hall, corn exchange
Gainsborough, Old Hall, corn exchange

The interior of the great hall at the Old Hall. It was in use as the town's corn exchange at this time.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Old Hall, Corn exchange
Gainsborough, Old Hall, kitchen
Gainsborough, Old Hall, kitchen
Gainsborough, Old Hall, kitchen

The medieval kitchen at the Old Hall has been little changed over the centuries.

undated postcard

Gainsborough, Old Hall, kitchen
Gainsborough, Packet Wharf
Gainsborough, Packet Wharf
Gainsborough, Packet Wharf

The packet wharf on the Trent at Gainsborough.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, packet wharf
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill

This is Pickwell Mill, one of three tower mills that once stood on Spital Hill.

It dates from the late eighteenth century and had supplementary machinery for cleaning wheat, dressing flour and making oatmeal.

Milling ceased here in 1927 but the tower survives.

postcard by Triangle, Halifax, from David Robinson Collection, undated

Gainsborough, Pickwell Mill, Spital Hill
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (1)
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (1)
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (1)

An early five-sailed mill with six-storey tower on Spital Hill.

Jon Sass Collection, undated photograph

Gainsborough, Spital Hill Mill, windmill, Jon Sass
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (2)
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (2)
Gainsborough, Pickwell's Mill (2)

Milling ceased here in 1927 and the sails were removed.

Location of mill: SK 822 904

Peter Kirk Collection, 1999
Gainsborough, Spital Hill Mill, windmill, Peter Kirk
Gainsborough, Primitive Methodist Chapel
Gainsborough, Primitive Methodist Chapel
Gainsborough, Primitive Methodist Chapel

The Primitive Methodist Chapel was built in Beaumont Street in 1877. It is described by Pevsner as 'debased Frenchy-Italian'.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, Primitive Methodist chapel
Gainsborough, Railway Bridge
Gainsborough, Railway Bridge
Gainsborough, Railway Bridge

This bridge across the Trent was built in 1848/49 by John Fowler for the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway to carry the line from Grimsby to Sheffield.  It was later shared with the GNR line from Lincoln to Doncaster.

The two main spans of this bridge are tubular wrought iron girders of rectangular section, one of the earliest examples of such a structure.

The bridge was rebuilt in the early 1990s.

Photograph 1970

Gainsborough, railway bridge, John Fowler
Gainsborough, Riverside
Gainsborough, Riverside
Gainsborough, Riverside

This view of riverside a wharf and warehouses is taken from the Trent looking east towards the town.

undated postcard, photograph by G Brocklehurst.

Gainsborough, river side trent, G Brocklehurst
Gainsborough, Salvation Army, Beaumont Street
Gainsborough, Salvation Army, Beaumont Street
Gainsborough, Salvation Army, Beaumont Street

Reported in the Gainsborough Standard on 19 December 2011 that 

"A NEWSPAPER report announcing the arrival of the Salvation Army in Gainsborough 125 years ago declared that, after parading through the town, church leaders ‘opened fire’ in the Albert Hall.

It was using the military language associated with the church whose officers wear uniform and are given army rankings.

It was on 28th November 1886 that the Salvation Army began Sunday services at the Albert Hall, which it had rented for six months.

https://www.gainsboroughstandard.co.uk/news/125-years-of-salvation-army-1-4061379 

DB 21 August 2018

Gainsborough, Salvation Army
Gainsborough, St John, interior
Gainsborough, St John, interior
Gainsborough, St John, interior

The church of St John the Divine in Ashcroft Road was built by Somers Clarke & Micklethwaite in 1881-82. and enlarged in 1902.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, St John church, interior
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge

This fine three-span ashlar masonry bridge was designed by William Weston in 1790.

The stone balustrades shown here were replaced by steel railings when cantilevered footpaths were added in 1964.

It was freed from tolls in 1932.

1930s photograph

Gainsborough, Trent Bridge, William Weston, tolls
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge
Gainsborough, Trent Bridge

View of the bridge from the north-west (Nottinghamshire) bank.

The two tollbooth structures can be seen either side of the road on the Lincolnshire side of the bridge (to the left).

Jay-em-Jay postcard, c.1920

Gainsborough, Trent bridge, toll booth
Gainsborough, view from cemetery
Gainsborough, view from cemetery
Gainsborough, view from cemetery

In this view from the cemetery All Saints' Church is seen to the right and Marshalls' works in the left foreground.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?

 

Gainsborough, cemetery
Gainsborough, War Memorial
Gainsborough, War Memorial
Gainsborough, War Memorial

"IN PROUD AND GRATEFUL MEMORY OF THE MEN OF THIS TOWN WHO LOST THEIR LIVES IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-1918 AND IN THE WORLD WAR 1939-1945 THEIR NAMES WILL LIVE FOR EVER"

Gainsborough Old Hall visible in the background. 

DB 19 June 2018

Gainsborough, War Memorial
Gainsborough, Water Tower
Gainsborough, Water Tower
Gainsborough, Water Tower

The water tower on Cox's Hill (or Summer Hill), Gainsborough, was erected in 1897.

A memorial tablet alongside gives full details.

It provided a water supply to the upper part of the town which could not be served by the adjacent service reservoirs.

It was superseded by the Ash Grove water tower.

Postcard, 1906

 

Gainsborough, water,
Gainsborough, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel
Gainsborough, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel
Gainsborough, Wesleyan Methodist Chapel

The Wesleyan Methodist Chapel in Beaumont Street and Roseway was built in 1804.

From the Album of Gainsboro’ Views published by Amcoats & Co, Booksellers, Stationers & Printers, Lord Street, Gainsborough, c.1900?


Gainsborough, Wesleyan Methodist chapel