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Leadenham
 
Leadenham Hall
Leadenham Hall
Leadenham Hall

Built in the last decade of the eighteenth century in a position to the west of the village overlooking the Trent valley.

This is the view from the south-west, showing the principal façade facing south.

The east wing (not visible here) terminates in an arcade probably by Vulliamy in 1829.

April 2013

Leadenham, Vulliamy
Leadenham, Leadenham House, Kennels
Leadenham, Leadenham House, Kennels
Leadenham, Leadenham House, Kennels

Grade II listed kennels c.1820.

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1061872 

Pevsner states possibly by E.J.Wilson.

"Edward James Willson, F.S.A., (1787–1854) was an English architect, antiquary, architectural writer, and mayor of Lincoln in 1851-2"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_James_Willson  

DB 21 May 2018 

Leadenham House, Kennels, Edward James Willson, fox hunting
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (1)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (1)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (1)

One of a pair of mills, Lowfield Mill was built in 1840 with six floors and four sails.

Jon Sass Collection, photograph by D W Muggeridge, 1934

Leadenham, Lowfield windmill, Jon Sass
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (2)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (2)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (2)

The machinery and equipment at Lowfield Mill was removed in the 1980s and twenty years later it was converted into a dwelling.

Location of mill: SK 921 532

Peter Kirk Collection, 1997
Leadenham, Lowfield mill, windmill, Peter Kirk
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (3)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (3)
Leadenham, Lowfield Mill (3)

Another view of Leadenham Mill immediately prior to remodelling and extensions to create dwelling.

Peter Kirk Collection, 2005

Leadenham, windmill
Leadenham, Roman corn dryer
Leadenham, Roman corn dryer
Leadenham, Roman corn dryer

This structure is an example of what are commonly called 'corn dryers', though their actual function is disputed.

This example was excavated at Leadenham, and is now partly reconstructed in the archaeological gallery at The Collection in Lincoln.

Corn dryers are essentially underground flues built, in this instance, from stone.

The flue is 'H' shaped and has a single stoke hole.  On top of this would have been a timber building.

The heat from the fire would have warmed the floor of the building above, leading to the suggestion that they were used for drying corn.

More recent experiments, however, have led to alternative suggestions, such as that they were used as part of the beer making process.

Courtesy of Lincolnshire County Council, The Collection

Leadenham, Roman corn dryer,
Leadenham, St Swithin
Leadenham, St Swithin
Leadenham, St Swithin

St Swithin’s is largely 14th century, with a spacious aisled nave and a clerestory above.  The spire dates from the 15th century.

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin church
Leadenham, St Swithin
Leadenham, St Swithin
Leadenham, St Swithin

St Swithin’s with its 15th century spire, makes a fine sight when viewed from the Cliff.

The edges of the spire are crocketed and there are two tiers of lucarnes in alternating directions.

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin church, spire
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel

 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof

There are several 19th century fittings inside St Swithin's.

Of particular note is the chancel roof that was hand painted by Pugin in 1841.

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin, chancel ceiling, Pugin
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof

"The C19 chancel roof was hand painted by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin in 1841"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388

Professionally cleaned and restored in 2008. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Augustus_Pugin

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Chancel Roof, Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel Roof

Chancel roof viewed from the nave.

"The C19 chancel roof was hand painted by Augustus Welby Northmore Pugin in 1841"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388 

Professionally cleaned and restored in 2008. 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Beresford Coat of Arms
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Beresford Coat of Arms
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Beresford Coat of Arms

"On the east wall a C17 high relief Beresford coat of arms"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Beresford
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Brass
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Brass
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Brass

"In the chancel floor are 2 brasses to Elizabeth Beresford 1624"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, monument, brass, Elizabeth Beresford
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, East Window
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, East Window
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, East Window

"The chancel has a large 4-light east window in a pointed arch with very unusual tracery, made up of 3 roughly triangular panels"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388 

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1919 states

"The stained east window was executed in Flanders, and placed here in 1827 by the Rev. Thomas Brown, a former rector;

in 1880 the lower part of the window was filled with glass in memory of the Rev. Offley Smith M.A. rector from 1843, and his mother"

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Monument
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Monument
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Monument

Monument to Christopher Beresford d.1716 and his eldest son William Beresford d. 1729.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Christopher Beresford, William Beresford
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ

Organ by Wordsworth & Maskell, Leeds.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Wordsworth & Maskell, organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Organ

Organ by Wordsworth & Maskell, Leeds.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Organ
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Reredos
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Reredos
Leadenham, St Swithin, Chancel, Reredos

The reredos and panelling in the chancel were installed in the mid-nineteenth century when much of the church's interior was refurbished.

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin, reredos
Leadenham, St Swithin, Gravestones
Leadenham, St Swithin, Gravestones
Leadenham, St Swithin, Gravestones

Fine eighteenth century tombstones by the north-west corner of the church.

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin, gravestones
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave

View looking east towards the chancel.

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1919 states 

"In 1830 the church was thoroughly repaired, and was re-seated with open oak sittings in 1861, and has now 450 sittings. 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave

View looking west towards the tower.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Eagle Lectern
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Eagle Lectern
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Eagle Lectern

C19 brass eagle lectern.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, eagle lectern
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Pulpit
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Pulpit
Leadenham, St Swithin, Nave, Pulpit

C19 pulpit.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Pulpit
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle

View looking east.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Font
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Font
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Font

Presumably part of the C19 refit.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, Font
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Stained Glass
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Stained Glass
Leadenham, St Swithin, North Aisle, Stained Glass

This window, at the east end of the north aisle, bears the following dedication:

'To the honour of God in this Church of their native place, this window is dedicated by Colonel John Reeve in loving memory of his Sister Susan Millicent Fane who was interred near the South Porch on the 18th of December 1877'

April 2013

Leadenham, St Swithin, stained glass, John Reeve, Susan Millicent Fane
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle

View looking east.

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, Monument
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, Monument
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, Monument

"Monument to Lady Jane Sherard 1856 on the south wall in low relief of a lady weeping over an urn"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1147388 

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church, monument, Lady Jane Sherard
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, War Memorial
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, War Memorial
Leadenham, St Swithin, South Aisle, War Memorial

Framed Roll of Honour on east wall of south aisle. 

There is also a masonry war memorial in the churchyard.  

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, St Swithin, Tower, Benefactions Boards
Leadenham, St Swithin, Tower, Benefactions Boards
Leadenham, St Swithin, Tower, Benefactions Boards

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1919 states

"Twelve of the poorest men of Leadenham have annually divided amongst them at Christmas a sum of about £12, arising from the rent of upwards of 10 acres of land, the bequest of Mr. John Key in 1784:

General Reeve's charity, amounting to about £5 5s. 8d. yearly, is divided amongst six poor women.

The poor also have an interest in a few smaller bequests Col. William Henry Reeve's charity of about £12 yearly is distributed in coal;

Lt.-Col. Reeve's benefaction, amounting to about £12 yearly, is distributed at Easter, the number of recipients not exceeding six men and six women.

Beresford's charity of about £1 18s. yearly is distributed by the churchwardens in clothing to poor widows.

There is also a rent-charge on Lemon-Wong field, producing £1 yearly, which is distributed in bread on St. Thomas' Day"

DB 16 September 2018

Leadenham, Saint Swithin, Church
Leadenham, Willoughby Arms
Leadenham, Willoughby Arms
Leadenham, Willoughby Arms

Former Willoughby Arms public house.

Ghost sign states

"FREE HOUSE

COACHES WELCOME

MINERALS AND COFFEE"

Sign presumably dates from before the bypass when many coaches would have to travel through Leadenham on the A17.

DB 14 March 2018

Leadenham, Willoughby Arms