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Lincoln Cathedral
 
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The crossing tower viewed from the south-east.

February 2014

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the west from of the cathedral from the north-west. Viewpoint: castle wall walk.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral and the Galilee porch viewed from the Castle wall walk.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

This view of the Cathedral from the north shows the cloister on the left.

This was the tallest buiding in the world until the spire on the central tower (525 feet to the pinnacle) collapsed in 1549.

The smaller spires on the western towers were removed in 1807 because they were endangering the structure.

sixteenth century print by Hollar 

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the cathedral from the south-east.

Frith postcard, 1939

Cathedral, East end
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the north side of the Cathedral taken from the Lincoln Hotel (formerly Eastgate Hotel). The street in the foreground is Eastgate.

undated post-war postcard

Cathedral, Eastgate Hotel
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry

Chantry chapel built into the north wall of the Angel Choir for Bishop Richard Fleming 1420-1431.

Chapel contains a canopied piscina visible on the right in this image.

Triptych given 1912 in memory of A.R.Maddison Prebendary of Thorngate. 

DB 11 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming Chantry

Chantry chapel built into the north wall of the Angel Choir for Bishop Richard Fleming 1420-1431.

The tomb chest is of the "cadavar" type and is one of the earliest in England.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cadaver_tomb 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Fleming chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch

Southern entrance to the Angel Choir c.1255-90.

In the tympanum, above the twin doors, is the figure of Christ as Judge.

The Virgin & Child on the central pier below is modern c 1932.

The Judgement Porch is flanked by Bishop Longland's Chantry to the west and the Russell Chantry to the east.

DB 27 September 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch

More detailed view of the tympanum above the twin doors.

Central figure of Christ as Judge.

The Blessed are on Christ's right and the Damned are on his left.

Hairy devils are pushing the Damned into the Mouth of Hell below Christ's feet. 

DB 2 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Judgement Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp

This small carving in the Angel Choir shot to fame as a good luck charm.

A tie pin in the form Lincoln Imp was worn by the Prince of Wales, future Edward VII, when his horse Persimmon won the Derby in 1896.

DB 14 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp, Persimmon
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry

Easternmost of two chantries built into the south wall of the Angel Choir.

Founded by John Russell, Bishop of Lincoln 1480-1494 and dedicated to Saint Blaise the patron saint of woolcombers.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Russell_(bishop) 

Modern decorative scheme 1956-1958 by Duncan Grant who used his acquaintances in the Bloomsbury Group as models.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_Grant

DB 23 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Russell Chantry, Blaise Chapel, Duncan Grant
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Russell Chantry

Chantry chapel founded by John Russell, Bishop of Lincoln 1480-1494 and dedicated to Saint Blaise the patron saint of woolcombers.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Russell_(bishop)

The only brasses, in the whole Cathedral, to escape destruction by Parliamentarian Troops during the English Civil War 16421651 are the two coats of arms on the side of John Russell's tomb.

On the left the Russell family arms and in the center his arms as Bishop surmounted by a mitre.

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Russell Chantry, Blaise Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine

Prior to the Reformation Saint Hugh's head (which was separate from the body) was housed in a head reliquary kept under a movable cover on top of this stone shrine base.

Modern metal adornment 1986 to Saint Hugh's head shrine by David Poston the sculptor and jeweller - to mark the 800th anniversary of Saint Hugh's becoming Bishop of Lincoln.

Symbolically it stands as a sentinel holding aloft hugh spears to guard the once desecrated shrine.

It has the outline of a throne - the seat of a bishop.

It has the elegant curve of a swan's neck which iconographically identifies it with Saint Hugh.

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh, Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault

"Angel choir, 5 bays, 1255-1280"

"Rib vault with noteworthy foliate and figure bosses to choir and aisles"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1388680 

The Nave and Saint Hugh's Choir vaults retain their plastered finish however the Victorians chose to remove all plaster in the Angel Choir.

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Visceral Tomb of Queen Eleanor
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Visceral Tomb of Queen Eleanor
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Visceral Tomb of Queen Eleanor

Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290), wife of Edward I, died at Harby near Lincoln.

Eleanor's viscera were buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

The rest of her body was taken down to London in stages and Edward I ordered a stone cross to be erected at each stopping-place on the journey to London, ending at Charing Cross.

The "Eleanor crosses" stood at Lincoln, Grantham, Stamford, Geddington, Hardingstone near Northampton, Stony Stratford, Woburn, Dunstable, St Albans, Waltham, Westcheap, and Charing 

Her heart was buried in the Dominican priory at Blackfriars in London and her body in Westminster Abbey.

Lincoln tomb's original stone chest survives; its effigy was destroyed in the 17th century and has been replaced with a 19th-century copy.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_of_Castile  

DB 13 September 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Visceral Tomb, Eleanor of Castile, Queen, Edward I
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
The vault of the Chapter House dates from the second half of the 13th century.
Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House

View of the Chapter House, with its prominent flying buttresses, from the north-east (Cathedral Green).

Frith photograph, 1939

Cathedral, Lincoln, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House

Chapter house 1230-1250.

Lincoln was the first polygonal chapter house and set a fashion peculiar to England.

Originally built without flying buttresses; they were added in early C14 to stabilise the structure.

Ten sided with a diameter of 59 feet.

DB 17 July 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window

Rose window above west entrance to Chapter House.

Stained glass in memory of Jacob Clements, Sub-Dean 1878-98.

Central panel shows Council of Jerusalem with surrounding scenes from the Acts of the Apostles. 

DB 23 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Chaper House, Rose Window, Jacob Clements
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault

Detail of Chapter House vault.

Lincoln's was the first polygonal chapter house 1230 1250 and set a fashion peculiar to England. 

It is ten sided with a diameter of 59 feet.

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
undated postcard
Cathedral, cloisters, western towers
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters

Wooden boss in the south range of the cloisters depicting a man with toothache.

Bishop Oliver Sutton caused the cloisters to be built 1290 - 1300 contributing 50 marks of his own money.

Originally all 4 sides of the cloisters had wooden vaults. 

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Boss, Toothache
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Roman Mosaic
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Roman Mosaic
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Roman Mosaic

Roman mosaic pavement discovered in the cloister garden 1793.

Now displayed beneath the library stairs.

DB 27 September 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Roman Mosaic
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, The Slype
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, The Slype
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, The Slype

Passage leading from the Cathedral to the Cloisters built around 1300.

DB 27 September 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Slype
Lincoln Cathedral, Consistory Court
Lincoln Cathedral, Consistory Court
Lincoln Cathedral, Consistory Court

This space, now occupied by the shop, is the former Consistory Court of Lincoln Cathedral.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consistory_court 

Immediately adjacent to the Ringers Chapel and equivalent to the Morning Chapel on the opposite side of the Cathedral.

Photographed in early 1994 when the shop was being completely refurbished. 

DB 1994

Lincoln Cathedral, Consistory Court, Shop
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept

Capitals from the Early English period (1192-1255) near the east bays of the great transept.

Lincoln Cathedral, south-east transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East End
Lincoln Cathedral, East End
Lincoln Cathedral, East End

This view of the Cathedral is dominated by the great east window.

To the right, across the Cathedral Green, is the Chapter House.

postcard, probably 1930s

Cathedral, east end, chapter house
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave

Looking along the nave towards the west end.

DB 9 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View

Tours of Lincoln Cathedral may include the gallery at the west end of the nave.

This fine view looking down the length of the nave is named after Sir Joseph Banks, Lincolnshire landowner, naturalist and explorer.

Cathedral, Joseph Banks view, nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Burial Slab
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Burial Slab
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Burial Slab

Tournai marble burial slab on the north side of the nave.

Identified in C19 as belonging to Remigius the 1st Bishop of Lincoln 1072-1092 hence the surrounding  inscription.

It is now believed on stylistic grounds to belong to Alexander "the Magnificent" 3rd  Bishop of Lincoln 1123-1148.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_of_Lincoln 

The slab depicts a carved Tree of Jesse.

DB 11 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Bishop Alexander, Tomb Slab, Tree of Jesse
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window

Located above the great west window.

Shows Remigius 1st Bishop of Lincoln 1072-1092 holding a model of his original Norman Cathedral.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remigius_de_Fécamp 

Designed by J.G.Crace and made by the firm of Heaton, Butler & Bayne in 1858.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gregory_Crace_(designer) 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heaton,_Butler_and_Bayne 

DB 12 August 2015

Lincoln Cathedral, Stained Glass, Window, John Gregory Crace, Heaton, Butler & Bayne, Remigius
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font

The gift of Bishop Alexander some time after 1141.

Made in Tournai, Belgium by Flemish craftsmen using Tournai Marble quarried on the banks of the river Escaut.

Decoration round the sides of the bowl consists of grotesque animals and mythical dragons representing original sin.

Steps are modern placed there in 1890 by Dean Butler.

Seven of these very expensive Tournai fonts still survive in Britain although only three of these are complete including this one.

The most famous other example is at Winchester Cathedral however there is another one in Lincoln Diocese at Thornton Curtis which originally belonged to the Knights Templar.

DB 14 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, font, Tournai Marble, Bishop Alexander, Dean Butler
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font

Detail of font decoration.

A horizontal crack across the bowl can be seen which might be transport damage. The font was brought from Tournai, Belgium shortly after 1141.

Alternatively it might have been damaged during the earthquake of 1185 which caused much of the cathedral to collapse. 

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault

One of the earliest tierceron star vaults in England c1233.

Nave height to the vault is 82 feet. 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault

Painted inscriptions on the nave vault viz Fricabon, Braud and W.E.Paris.

More names were formerly visible and Sympson who was clerk of works in the 1730s & 40s recorded those of Helias Pictor, Walterus Brand, Wilhelmus Baldwin, Ricardus De Ponte, Robert Saris and Wilhemus Paris.

Brand was at several times in the mid 13C one of the two keepers of the fabric.

Richard De Ponte and William De Paris were both mayors of Lincoln.

Helias Pictor was presumably one of the painters at work in the Cathedral.

See Medieval Art And Architecture At Lincoln Cathedral (BAA Conference Transactions For The Year 1982) - Article By David Park 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, vault, inscription, Fricabon, Braud, W.E.Paris.
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye

Outstanding as an early and very large rose window of c.1220.

The only rose window of this date which still contains a considerable quantity of its original glass.

The main theme of the window is that of the last judgment but there are other scenes including the funeral of Saint Hugh who died in 1200. 

DB 10 May 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Dean's Eye, Rose Window, Saint Hugh
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial

Field Marshal Sir William Robertson served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff from 1916 to 1918 during the First World War.

He was the first and only British Army soldier to rise from private soldier to field marshal

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_William_Robertson,_1st_Baronet 

DB 23 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Sir William Robertson
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel

Bell-ringers granted a constitution in 1612. 

Letters patent subsequently issued in 1614 confirming the ordinances.

Lincoln's company of ringers is the earliest which can trace a continuous existence through to the present day and is unique In having its own chapel which was granted to them by the letters patent.

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel, Bell
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel

Names of the ringers in 1714 painted on the north wall of the chapel.

Many more names on the eastern wall. 

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel

Part of the external south wall of the original Norman Cathedral can be seen in the northwest corner. 

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Ringers Chapel
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye

A replacement of the original early C13 window.

Rebuilt in the curvilinear style 1325-50.

Contains remains of the original C14 glazing together with many mainly C13 fragments from other parts of the cathedral.

Originally depicted the last judgement including the general resurrection.

Its construction was probably associated with efforts to secure the canonization of Bishop John Dalderby.

DB 29 December 2015

Lincoln Cathedral, Bishop's Eye, Stained Glass, John Dalderby
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Galilee Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Galilee Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Galilee Porch

"Galilee porch, c1240, has a vaulted interior and ornate restored doorways"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1388680 

Built as the Bishop's entrance from his palace close by to the south.

Called "Galilee" because the phrase "go before you into Galilee" was used on entering the Cathedral here in the Holy Week ceremonial procession.

Supposed to be 5355 dog tooth pyramids used in its interior decoration.

Upper floor has been used as the muniments room and as the Chapter Clerk's office.

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Galilee Porch
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir

View of the choir, looking east.

Frith postcard, 1939

Cathedral, Choir, Lincoln
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ

The stalls in St Hugh's Choir are in three tiers, with stalls at the rear for canons, below them vicars choral and in the front the choristers.

The stalls date from 1365-70 and were restored in the nineteenth century.

postcard, probably 1930s

Cathedral, organ and choir
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Katherine Swynford
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Katherine Swynford
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Katherine Swynford

On the south side of the sanctuary is the tomb of  Katherine Swynford.

"Katherine Swynford, Duchess of Lancaster (born Katherine de Roet, c. 1350 10 May 1403), also spelled Katharine or Catherine, was the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, a son of King Edward III.

She had been the Duke's lover for many years before their marriage.

The couple's children, born before the marriage, were later legitimated during the reign of the Duke's nephew, Richard II"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Katherine_Swynford 

DB 4 October 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Saint Hugh's Choir, Katherine Swynford
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ

The fine Cathedral organ was built by Father Willis in 1898 and overhauled by Harrison & Harrison in 1960.

It had 4 manuals and 64 stops.

1930s photograph

Cathedral, organ, Father Willis, Harrison & Harrison
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault

Known as the "crazy" vault because of its irregular pattern.

First example in Europe of a tierceron vault meaning that some of the ribs are decorative rather than structural.

Roof timbers have been dated c.1200. 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Saint Hugh's Choir, Crazy Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Treasury
Lincoln Cathedral, Treasury
Lincoln Cathedral, Treasury

Treasury established by the Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths in 1960.

https://www.thegoldsmiths.co.uk/company/history/history-of-the-company/ 

Designed by Louis Osman.

https://https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Osman 

First treasury to be established in an English cathedral. 

Many of the items on display come from the diocese as most of the Cathedral's own treasure was stolen in 1805.

DB 2 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Treasury, Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths, Louis Osman
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner

Cathedral vacuum cleaner pictured in 1978.

DB 1978

Cathedral, Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner