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Horncastle
 
Harrison, Edward - blue plaque
Harrison, Edward - blue plaque
Harrison, Edward - blue plaque

Edward Harrison (1766-1838), born in Lancashire, practised as a physician in Horncastle for 30 years. He founded the Horncastle dispensary and the Lincolnshire Medical Benevolent Society.

He also founded the first infirmary for spinal diseases in London and was a notable advocate for medical reform on the national scene.

September 2016

Horncastle, Edward Harrison,
Harrison, Edward - house in Horncastle
Harrison, Edward - house in Horncastle
Harrison, Edward - house in Horncastle

Edward Harrison's home and base for his medical practice in West Street.

September 2016

Horncastle, William Harrison, West Street
Horncastle, Anglo Saxon coin pendant
Horncastle, Anglo Saxon coin pendant
Horncastle, Anglo Saxon coin pendant

This pendant was discovered near Horncastle in 2012, and its unorthodox appearance is due to its long history of reuse.

Although the pendant is 6th or 7th Century in date, its life began as a coin in Iron Age Gaul.  The coin was minted in c.70-60BC by the Suessiones tribe.

A male portrait with a strong nose and wavy hair is still clearly visible; on the reverse, the original lion motif is now less so.

We cannot know what happened between the coin’s original manufacture and its Anglo Saxon conversion into a pendant, or at what point it entered Lincolnshire, but it was converted through gilding and the addition of a suspension loop and three collets containing inset glass and garnets.

Courtesy of Lincolnshire County Council, The Collection

Horncastle, Anglo Saxon coin pendant, Suessiones tribe, lion motif
Horncastle, British School
Horncastle, British School
Horncastle, British School

British School on South Street, Horncastle, dates from 1814.

It was later used as a drill hall and is now one of the many antiques centres in the town.

Children of non-conformist families attended the school which used the Lancaster system of teaching.

Pearl Wheatley, 2010

Horncastle, British School, South Street, Lancaster,
Horncastle, Bull Ring
Horncastle, Bull Ring
Horncastle, Bull Ring

View of the Bull Ring looking northwards from the Town Bridge (over the river Waring).

This was one of the areas of the town taken over by the huge horse fair during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Postcard, 1910

Horncastle, Bull Ring, Horse Fair, Town Bridge,
Horncastle, Canal Warehouses
Horncastle, Canal Warehouses
Horncastle, Canal Warehouses

Both rivers in the town – the Bain and the Waring – supplied water for industry and were also canalised for use by boats of shallow draft.

Industries grew up along the banks of both rivers (canal basins) and there were several warehouses, such as these at off West Street, for wool, grain, timber and leather.

Horncastle, canal warehouses
Horncastle, Fatstock Market
Horncastle, Fatstock Market
Horncastle, Fatstock Market

Horncastle, in the centre of a large mixed farming area, has had a cattle market for centuries.

The fatstock market was held on the Wong adjoining South Street.

Most of the beast bought and sold were Lincoln Red cattle and Lincolnshire Longwool sheep.

Photograph, 1912

Horncastle, fatstock market
Horncastle, Fighting Cocks public house
Horncastle, Fighting Cocks public house
Horncastle, Fighting Cocks public house

At the eastern end of West Street, the Fighting Cooks, a public house with a long history.

Like other old inns in the town it had plenty of stabling for patrons as well as the carriers who travelled to and from villages to the west of Horncastle.

undated postcard

Horncastle, Fighting Cocks public house
Horncastle, Grain Warehouse
Horncastle, Grain Warehouse
Horncastle, Grain Warehouse

The former grain warehouse of Harrison and Son is almost the last surviving structure connected with the nearby terminus of the Horncastle Railway Station which was closed in 1971.

The warehouse has 3 stories and retains hoists and a wooden canopy.

John Turner, 2002

Horncastle, warehouse, railway station, Harrison,
Horncastle, Grammar School
Horncastle, Grammar School
Horncastle, Grammar School

Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, West Street, Horncastle.

In 1908 the school moved to West Street a short while after the first admission of girls.

The facade of the original building alongside the main drive and facing West Street remains unchanged.

Pearl Wheatley

Horncastle, Grammar School, West Street,
Horncastle, Grammar School
Horncastle, Grammar School
Horncastle, Grammar School

Decorative pediment over the south elevation of the original 1908 Grammar School building at Horncastle.

Two of the images commonly associated with the town are featured: the horn over the castle (as used in their emblems by the school and the town council) and the grid-iron - symbol of St Lawrence.

The famous horse fair in the town was granted to start on his feast day.

The structure on the roof is part of the original ventilation system.

Ken Redmore, 2010

Horncastle, Grammar School, St Lawrence, Horse Fair,
Horncastle, High Street
Horncastle, High Street
Horncastle, High Street

This Edwardian photograph gives a view westwards along High Street towards the Market Place.

On the left in the forground is the Corn Exchange, later converted into the Victory cinema.

On the right before the Market Place is Joseph Banks's house, with the "drum clock" attached at first floor level.

Horncastle, High Street, Corn exchange, Victory cinema, Joseph Banks, drum clock,
Horncastle, Holy Trinity
Horncastle, Holy Trinity
Horncastle, Holy Trinity

Holy Trinity was built as a chapel of ease to St Mary by Stephen Lewin in 1847.

It is a large church built in yellow brick laid in English bond and in Early English style. The building has chancel, tall clerestoried nave, aisles and a western bellcote.

Declared redundant in 1979, it is currently in use as an antique centre.

May 2015

Horncastle, Holy Trinity church, Stephen Lewin
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, corbel
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, corbel
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, corbel

The chancel arch is supported by large ornate corbels carved with coats of arms, fruit and foliage.

May 2015

Horncastle, Holy Trinity church, corbel
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, east window
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, east window
Horncastle, Holy Trinity, east window

The impressive east end has three tall thin lancet windows each flanked by shafts with carved foliage above.

May 2015

Horncastle, Holy Trinity, window
Horncastle, Horse Fair
Horncastle, Horse Fair
Horncastle, Horse Fair

Horncastle's August Horse Fair was said to be the largest in Europe.

It is thought to originate in the 13th century; the last was held in 1948.

During the nineteenth century the fair lasted for a fortnight and hudred of horses of all ytpes were sold.

from an engraving of 1865 by Sheldon Williams

Horncastle, Horse Fair, Sheldon Williams
Horncastle, Market Place
Horncastle, Market Place
Horncastle, Market Place

This undated (pre-1866) painting by E Roberts shows the Old Vicarage at the end of the Market Place with edge of the Punch House showing on the extreme left.

The Market Place contained a series of small shops and shacks, shown here on the right, which were cleared away in 1862.

This view shows (on the extreme right foreground) the north side of the High Street frontage leading into the Market Place.

Courtesy Pearl Wheatley

Horncastle, Market Place, E Roberts, painting, Punch House, Old Vicarage,
Horncastle, Market Place
Horncastle, Market Place
Horncastle, Market Place

View at the turn of the century of the Market Place looking east towards High Street.

The main area of the Market Place is laid to granite setts, many of which remain today, a tribute to their durability.

postcard, 1905

Horncastle, Market Place, granite setts
Horncastle, National School
Horncastle, National School
Horncastle, National School

The National School in Manor House Street, Horncastle, was founded in 1814 and is now the Community Centre for the town.

This was a Church of England establishment, close to the parish church and with the head teacher's house attached.

The original building was enlarged and a separate classroom built for boys.

Pearl Wheatley, 2010

Horncastle, National School, Community Centre, Manor House Street,
Horncastle, Old Dispensary
Horncastle, Old Dispensary
Horncastle, Old Dispensary

This Dispensary was opened in 1789 and offered 'Medical aid to the Poor'.

It was one of the first such establishments in Lincolnshire and was sponsored by Sir Joseph Banks. It was in use until 1866.

O.S. Grid Ref. TF25851 69508

Kathy Holland, 2013

Horncastle, dispensary, Joseph Banks
Horncastle, Old Grammar School
Horncastle, Old Grammar School
Horncastle, Old Grammar School

Queen Elizabeth's Grammar School, Horncastle, is known to have existed in the 14th century when, no doubt, it would be in the church of St. Mary.

At its refounding in 1571 a new school was built south of the church.

In 1778 this was replaced close by with a new building which still survives.

Ken Redmore, 2010

Horncastle, Old Grammar School,
Horncastle, Old Wesleyan School
Horncastle, Old Wesleyan School
Horncastle, Old Wesleyan School

Wesleyan Methodist School, 1859, Foundry Street, Horncastle. It is now a garage.

Methodists supported the British School until they decided to educate their own children.

The premises were formerly a foundry and they were adapted for a general classroom, an infants' room and a playground.

Pearl Wheatley, 2010

Horncastle, Old Wesleyan School, Foundry Street,
Horncastle, Primitive Methodist Chapel
Horncastle, Primitive Methodist Chapel
Horncastle, Primitive Methodist Chapel

The former Primitive Methodist chapel at the end of Prospect Street close to West Street was opened in 1854 and closed in 1961.

It was the third Primitive Methodist chapel to be built in the town.

April 2014

Horncastle, Primitive Methodist Chapel
Horncastle, River Waring
Horncastle, River Waring
Horncastle, River Waring

The River Waring rises a few miles to the north-east in Fulletby parish.

It was canalised along this stretch to form a limb of the Horncastle-Tattershall canal, known as the South Basin.

On the left-hand side (north) is Wharf Road, once the location of several warehouses and other businesses using water transport for the movement of goods.

Postcard, 1911

Horncastle, River Waring, Wharf Road, Horncastle Canal,
Horncastle, Roman ceremic head
Horncastle, Roman ceremic head
Horncastle, Roman ceremic head

This finely detailed ceramic head, discovered near Horncastle, may once have been part of a statuette, though sadly we now cannot tell who it depicts – whether mortal or goddess.

The angle of the neck suggests that the figure was moving, perhaps in the process of performing in some way, though the expression on her face is serene.

Traces of paint and plaster still survive, giving an impression of how vibrant and lifelike the statuette originally was.

Courtesy of Lincolnshire County Council, The Collection

Horncastle, ceramic head, statuette,
Horncastle, St Mary
Horncastle, St Mary
Horncastle, St Mary

Known as the oldest standing building in Horncastle, the Church dates back to the 13th century.

The Church illustrates three architectural styles, Early English, Perpendicular and Victorian when it underwent extensive restoration in the nineteenth century.

O.S Grid Ref. TF 25855 69555

Kathy Holland, 2013

Horncastle, St Mary church
Horncastle, St Mary
Horncastle, St Mary
Horncastle, St Mary

View of St Mary's from the north-east.

The chancel was rebuilt by Ewan Christian in about 1860 in which he is said to have modelled the east window on the one at Haltham.

The north chapel seen here is Perpendicular in style, with fine four-light windows and ornate battlements.

postcard, c.1920

Horncastle, St Mary Church, Ewan Christian
Horncastle, St Mary Square
Horncastle, St Mary Square
Horncastle, St Mary Square

St Mary's Sqaure leading to the churchyard to the sourh-west of the church, is much photographed.

postcard based on painting by David Cuppleditch, c.1980

Horncastle, St Mary Square, David Cuppleditch
Horncastle, Staunch
Horncastle, Staunch
Horncastle, Staunch

A key element of water control for drainage and navigation in Horncastle is the staunch (or stanch) at the confluence of rivers Bain and Waring and the beginning of the Horncastle-Tattershall Canal.

Installed in 1802 when the canal opened, it maintained the water level in both of the town’s canal basins and released excess water down the Bain at times of flood.

The staunch keeper's cottage can be seen to the right.

1914

Horncastle, staunch, stanch
Horncastle, The Staunch
Horncastle, The Staunch
Horncastle, The Staunch

Water level in the town’s two rivers is controlled at the staunch – or, as it was known locally, stanch.

It is situated off Coronation Walk close to the confluence of rivers Bain and Waring and at the beginning of the Horncastle to Tattershall Canal.

At a time of potential flood in the town water is discharged through the staunch into the original bed of the Bain. A modern sluice has replaced the staunch shown here.

Ken Redmore, 1957

Horncastle, staunch, stanch
Horncastle, Tupholme's Foundry
Horncastle, Tupholme's Foundry
Horncastle, Tupholme's Foundry

This building on the west side of Foundry Street on the corner of Laundry Lane was built as a foundry, occupied first by Thomas Tupholme in the 1830s and later by Arthur Barrett between 1846 and 1851.

In the late 1850s it was converted into the Wesleyan Day School and from 1907 it housed the Horncastle & Woodhall Spa Steam Laundry.

Horncastle, Tupholme foundry, Arthur Barrett, Steam Laundry
Horncastle, Water Mill
Horncastle, Water Mill
Horncastle, Water Mill

Horncastle's water mill was on the Bain where it entered the northern side of the town.

postcard, c.1970

Horncastle, water mill
Horncastle, Watson's Infants School
Horncastle, Watson's Infants School
Horncastle, Watson's Infants School

Watson's Free Infant School was founded by Richard Watson, son of a wealthy tanner, in 1786.

The school is in West Street (formerly Tanner Street), Horncastle.

It is now the headquarters of the Horncastle Photographic Society.

February 2010

Horncastle, Watons Infant School, West Street, Photographic Society,
Horncastle, Wesleyan Methodist School
Horncastle, Wesleyan Methodist School
Horncastle, Wesleyan Methodist School

Wesleyan Methodist School, Cagthorpe, was built in 1905 after the Foundry Street premises were condemned.

It became the secondary modern school for the town after the second world war until it was replaced in the 1960s by the Banovallum School on Boston Road.

(It now houses the town youth club.)

Pearl Wheatley, 2010

Horncastle, Wesleyan Methodist School, Cagthorpe,
Horncastle, Wheelwright's Furnace
Horncastle, Wheelwright's Furnace
Horncastle, Wheelwright's Furnace

The wheelwright's furnace or oven at 45 Foundry Street is a rare survival.

Metal tyres, standing vertically, were heated on the hearth of the oven before fitting over cart or wagon wheels in the wheelwright's yard alongside.

Matthew Scaman (father and then son) were the first wheelwrights here; Charles Twell followed in the 1920s.

Chris Lester, 2010

Horncastle, wheelwright furnace, Scaman, Twell,
Marwood, William - blue plaque
Marwood, William - blue plaque
Marwood, William - blue plaque

Horncastle, William Marwood, blue plaque, public hangman, long drop, executioner
Marwood, William - cobbler's shop in Horncastle
Marwood, William - cobbler's shop in Horncastle
Marwood, William - cobbler's shop in Horncastle

Horncastle, William Marwood, Cobbler shop, public hangman, long drop executioner