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Lincoln Cathedral
 
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The crossing tower viewed from the south-east.

February 2014

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the west from of the cathedral from the north-west. Viewpoint: castle wall walk.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral and the Galilee porch viewed from the Castle wall walk.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

The west front of the cathedral.

August 2016

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

This view of the Cathedral from the north shows the cloister on the left.

This was the tallest buiding in the world until the spire on the central tower (525 feet to the pinnacle) collapsed in 1549.

The smaller spires on the western towers were removed in 1807 because they were endangering the structure.

sixteenth century print by Hollar 

Cathedral,
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the cathedral from the south-east.

Frith postcard, 1939

Cathedral, East end
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral
Lincoln Cathedral

View of the north side of the Cathedral taken from the Lincoln Hotel (formerly Eastgate Hotel). The street in the foreground is Eastgate.

undated post-war postcard

Cathedral, Eastgate Hotel
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp

This small carving in the Angel Choir shot to fame as a good luck charm.

A tie pin in the form Lincoln Imp was worn by the Prince of Wales, future Edward VII, when his horse Persimmon won the Derby in 1896.

DB 14 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Lincoln Imp, Persimmon
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh's Head Shrine

Prior to the Reformation Saint Hugh's head (which was separate from the body) was housed in a head reliquary kept under a movable cover on top of this stone shrine base.

Modern metal adornment 1986 to Saint Hugh's head shrine by David Poston the sculptor and jeweller - to mark the 800th anniversary of Saint Hugh's becoming Bishop of Lincoln.

Symbolically it stands as a sentinel holding aloft hugh spears to guard the once desecrated shrine.

It has the outline of a throne - the seat of a bishop.

It has the elegant curve of a swan's neck which iconographically identifies it with Saint Hugh.

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Saint Hugh, Head Shrine
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault

"Angel choir, 5 bays, 1255-1280"

"Rib vault with noteworthy foliate and figure bosses to choir and aisles"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1388680 

The Nave and Saint Hugh's Choir vaults retain their plastered finish however the Victorians chose to remove all plaster in the Angel Choir.

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Angel Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
The vault of the Chapter House dates from the second half of the 13th century.
Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House

View of the Chapter House, with its prominent flying buttresses, from the north-east (Cathedral Green).

Frith photograph, 1939

Cathedral, Lincoln, Chapter House
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Rose Window

Rose window above west entrance to Chapter House.

Stained glass in memory of Jacob Clements, Sub-Dean 1878-98.

Central panel shows Council of Jerusalem with surrounding scenes from the Acts of the Apostles. 

DB 23 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Chaper House, Rose Window, Jacob Clements
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault

Detail of Chapter House vault.

Lincoln's was the first polygonal chapter house 1230 1250 and set a fashion peculiar to England. 

It is ten sided with a diameter of 59 feet.

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Chapter House, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Choir
Lincoln Cathedral, Choir
Lincoln Cathedral, Choir

View of the choir, looking east.

Frith postcard, 1939

Cathedral, Choir, Lincoln
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
undated postcard
Cathedral, cloisters, western towers
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters
Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters

Wooden boss in the south range of the cloisters depicting a man with toothache.

Bishop Oliver Sutton caused the cloisters to be built 1290 - 1300 contributing 50 marks of his own money.

Originally all 4 sides of the cloisters had wooden vaults. 

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Cloisters, Boss, Toothache
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East Transept

Capitals from the Early English period (1192-1255) near the east bays of the great transept.

Lincoln Cathedral, south-east transept
Lincoln Cathedral, East End
Lincoln Cathedral, East End
Lincoln Cathedral, East End

This view of the Cathedral is dominated by the great east window.

To the right, across the Cathedral Green, is the Chapter House.

postcard, probably 1930s

Cathedral, east end, chapter house
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave

Looking along the nave towards the west end.

DB 9 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, Nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Banks's View

Tours of Lincoln Cathedral may include the gallery at the west end of the nave.

This fine view looking down the length of the nave is named after Sir Joseph Banks, Lincolnshire landowner, naturalist and explorer.

Cathedral, Joseph Banks view, nave
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Rose Window

Located above the great west window.

Shows Remigius 1st Bishop of Lincoln 1072-1092 holding a model of his original Norman Cathedral.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remigius_de_Fécamp 

Designed by J.G.Crace and made by the firm of Heaton, Butler & Bayne in 1858.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Gregory_Crace_(designer) 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heaton,_Butler_and_Bayne 

DB 12 August 2015

Lincoln Cathedral, Stained Glass, Window, John Gregory Crace, Heaton, Butler & Bayne, Remigius
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font

The gift of Bishop Alexander some time after 1141.

Made in Tournai, Belgium by Flemish craftsmen using Tournai Marble quarried on the banks of the river Escaut.

Decoration round the sides of the bowl consists of grotesque animals and mythical dragons representing original sin.

Steps are modern placed there in 1890 by Dean Butler.

Seven of these very expensive Tournai fonts still survive in Britain although only three of these are complete including this one.

The most famous other example is at Winchester Cathedral however there is another one in Lincoln Diocese at Thornton Curtis which originally belonged to the Knights Templar.

DB 14 March 2016

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, font, Tournai Marble, Bishop Alexander, Dean Butler
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Tournai Marble Font

Detail of font decoration.

A horizontal crack across the bowl can be seen which might be transport damage. The font was brought from Tournai, Belgium shortly after 1141.

Alternatively it might have been damaged during the earthquake of 1185 which caused much of the cathedral to collapse. 

DB 29 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Font
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault

One of the earliest tierceron star vaults in England c1233.

Nave height to the vault is 82 feet. 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Nave, Vault

Painted inscriptions on the nave vault viz Fricabon, Braud and W.E.Paris.

More names were formerly visible and Sympson who was clerk of works in the 1730s & 40s recorded those of Helias Pictor, Walterus Brand, Wilhelmus Baldwin, Ricardus De Ponte, Robert Saris and Wilhemus Paris.

Brand was at several times in the mid 13C one of the two keepers of the fabric.

Richard De Ponte and William De Paris were both mayors of Lincoln.

Helias Pictor was presumably one of the painters at work in the Cathedral.

See Medieval Art And Architecture At Lincoln Cathedral (BAA Conference Transactions For The Year 1982) - Article By David Park 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, nave, vault, inscription, Fricabon, Braud, W.E.Paris.
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Dean's Eye

Outstanding as an early and very large rose window of c.1220.

The only rose window of this date which still contains a considerable quantity of its original glass.

The main theme of the window is that of the last judgment but there are other scenes including the funeral of Saint Hugh who died in 1200. 

DB 10 May 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Dean's Eye, Rose Window, Saint Hugh
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial
Lincoln Cathedral, North Transept, Sir William Robertson Memorial

Field Marshal Sir William Robertson served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff from 1916 to 1918 during the First World War.

He was the first and only British Army soldier to rise from private soldier to field marshal

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_William_Robertson,_1st_Baronet 

DB 23 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Sir William Robertson
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye
Lincoln Cathedral, South Transept, Bishop's Eye

A replacement of the original early C13 window.

Rebuilt in the curvilinear style 1325-50.

Contains remains of the original C14 glazing together with many mainly C13 fragments from other parts of the cathedral.

Originally depicted the last judgement including the general resurrection.

Its construction was probably associated with efforts to secure the canonization of Bishop John Dalderby.

DB 29 December 2015

Lincoln Cathedral, Bishop's Eye, Stained Glass, John Dalderby
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir & Organ

The stalls in St Hugh's Choir are in three tiers, with stalls at the rear for canons, below them vicars choral and in the front the choristers.

The stalls date from 1365-70 and were restored in the nineteenth century.

postcard, probably 1930s

Cathedral, organ and choir
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Organ

The fine Cathedral organ was built by Father Willis in 1898 and overhauled by Harrison & Harrison in 1960.

It had 4 manuals and 64 stops.

1930s photograph

Cathedral, organ, Father Willis, Harrison & Harrison
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, St Hugh's Choir, Vault

Known as the "crazy" vault because of its irregular pattern.

First example in Europe of a tierceron vault meaning that some of the ribs are decorative rather than structural.

Roof timbers have been dated c.1200. 

DB 27 August 2018

Lincoln Cathedral, Saint Hugh's Choir, Crazy Vault
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner
Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner

Cathedral vacuum cleaner pictured in 1978.

DB 1978

Cathedral, Lincoln Cathedral, Vacuum Cleaner