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Industry - Malting and Brewing
 
Coningsby, Soulby Brewery Steam Wagon
Coningsby, Soulby Brewery Steam Wagon
Coningsby, Soulby Brewery Steam Wagon

Soulby, Sons & Winch were the largest malsters and brewers in the eastern side of the county. Their principal malthouses and bewery were in Alford from 1868 to 1952.

They also had a maltkiln and brewery in Tumby Road, Coningsby (next to the Baptist Church) from 1861.

This photograph showing a Foden steam wagon, registration number M2191,is dated 1909.

Alford, Soulby, Coningsby, Foden, malthoudse, malt kiln, brewery
Gainsborough, Malting, Lea Road
Gainsborough, Malting, Lea Road
Gainsborough, Malting, Lea Road

Former malthouse but most recently the The Maltings Bar.

Located west side of Lea Road nearly opposite its junction with Trent Street.

Marked on the OS 25 inch map published 1921 - formerly a larger building but has been truncated.

DB 6 August 2019

Gainsborough, Malting
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings

An active maltings viewed from the corner of Bridge Street with Thornton Street. 

Was this originally part of the maltings operated by Sandars & Co. listed by Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1896 as operating in Lea road & Bridge, street?

DB 6 August 2019

Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings

Viewed from the entrance on Bridge Street.

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1896 comments, with reference to Gainsborough, that :-

"There are extensive malt-kilns, and the seed crushing business is carried on very largely"

DB 6 August 2019

Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings

Viewed from the exit on King Street.

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1896 lists several maltings :-

Coupland J. & Co. maltsters, Lea road

Gleadell William, maltster & corn factor, 10 Spring gardens & Church street ; office, Morton

Hewitt John Henry, brewer & maltster; stores, Silver st 

Nutt Alfred, maltster, Swixton's yard, Silver street

Sandars & Co. maltster, Lea road & Bridge, street 

DB 6 August 2019

Gainsborough, Rank Hovis, Paddock Maltings
Grantham, Malthouse
Grantham, Malthouse
Grantham, Malthouse

This is one of several malthouses between Commercial Road and Brewery Hill shown on the OS 25 inch map published 1888.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malt_house 

It is now The Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses.

DB 3 June 2019


Grantham,
Grantham, Malting / Dental Practice, Commercial Road
Grantham, Malting / Dental Practice, Commercial Road
Grantham, Malting / Dental Practice, Commercial Road

One of several malthouses between Commercial Road and Brewery Hill shown on the OS 25 inch map published 1888.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malt_house 

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire mentions

"Haynes Thomas, maltster, Commercial road"

"Lee & Grinling, maltsters, Brewery hill; Springfield rd. ; Bridge End road; Welham street & Gonerby Hill foot"

"Mowbray & Co. Limited, brewers & maltsters & mineral water manufacturers, Commercial road & London road & wine, spirit & cigar merchants, Finkin street" 

Now a dental practice. 

DB 3 June 2019

Grantham, Malting, Dental Practice, Commercial Road
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery

Remains of Mowbray & Co's brewery viewed from Brewery Hill - the works extended between Commercial Road and Brewery Hill.

The entry in Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1919 reads :-

"Mowbray & Co. Limited, brewers & maltsters & mineral water manufacturers, Commercial road & London road & wine, spirit & cigar merchants, Finkin street"

DB 3 June 2019

Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Brewery, Brewery Hill
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery
Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Grantham Brewery

Remains of Mowbray & Co's brewery viewed from Brewery Hill - the works extended between Commercial Road and Brewery Hill.

Brewing ceased in 1964.

http://breweryhistory.com/wiki/index.php?title=Mowbray_%26_Co._Ltd 

DB 3 June 2019

Grantham, Mowbray & Co. Ltd, Brewery, Brewery Hill
Horncastle, Phoenix Brewey, Advertisement
Horncastle, Phoenix Brewey, Advertisement
Horncastle, Phoenix Brewey, Advertisement

Advert appearing in Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1896.

The Phoenix Brewey was next to the Hopton Iron Works off Hammerton Lane.

White's Directory of Lincolnshire 1856 lists a total of 13 brewers :-

"BREWERS (* Maltsters also.)

Amstrong Robt. C., Brd

*Boulton Wm., Mst

*Brothwell and Frith, Water side

*Cristison Wm. Crow, Langton road

*Gilliat George, Wharf

*Johnson Thomas, Ckt

Malkinson James, Hst

*Meredith Thomas, Est

Priestley Edward, Pst

Settle Joseph Grundy, High street

Sparling George, Pst

Wilkinson Wm .. Est

Wilson & Serpell, Ckt"

Horncastle, Phoenix Brewey
Kirton in Lindsey, Maltings
Kirton in Lindsey, Maltings
Kirton in Lindsey, Maltings

These substantial maltings were built alongside the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Line which were close to Kirton in Lindsey station (SK 932993).

Kirton Lindsey, maltings,
Louth, Malt Kiln
Louth, Malt Kiln
Louth, Malt Kiln

Malt Kiln viewed from the tower of St James Church.

A major Louth landmark, known locally as the Concrete Cathedral, until its demolition in 2015.

Interesting history available via the Louth Museum website

http://www.louthmuseum.org.uk/exhibitions/louth_museum_malt_kiln.html 

DB 25 November 2014

Louth, Malt Kiln
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street

Date above the door reads "1884". 

Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1909 has an entry :-

"Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited (The) (Arthur J. Tillett, manager), brewers & ale & stout 'bottlers; offices & brewery, Oxford street, Market Rasen; stores, Normanby-by-Spital, Bardney & Minting"

DB 1 June 2019 

Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street
Market Rasen, Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited, Oxford Street

Advertisement in Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1909.

Market Rasen Brewery Co. Limited
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings

The maltings at Sleaford, a massive group of buildings, was built by Bass in 1901-7.

The central block with water tower and engine-house is flanked by the eight malthouses giving a total frontage of about 1000 feet. Operations ceased in 1959.

According to Pevsner: 'For sheer impressiveness, little in English industrial architecture can equal the scale of this building'.

Frank Robinson, 2010

Sleaford, Bass Maltings, maltings,
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings

A closer view of the Bass Maltings conveys the huge scale of the complex.

The total frontage of eight maltings plus engine house and workshops is almost 1000 feet (305m) long.

Three blocks were badly damaged by fire in 1976 but their walls still stand to full height, a testimony to their remarkably solid construction.

Chris Lester 2010

Sleaford, Bass maltings,
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings

Viewed from the east with canopies over the former railway sidings just visible on the right hand side of the image. 

"With a frontage of nearly 1,000 ft and a total area of 50,000 sq ft, the maltings complex is believed to be largest of its type in England; the architectural historians Sir Nikolaus Pevsner and John Harris commented that "for sheer impressiveness little in English industrial architecture can equal the scale of this building.

In 1974, it was recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building in recognition of its importance as an example of a large-scale industrial malting complex in which "considerations of form, massing, symmetry and scale have produced a design of high aesthetic quality combined with clear functional expression"; it also represents the importance of the English brewing industry in the late-19th and early 20th centuries and large-scale malting at its peak.

Owing to its derelict state, the building was also placed on English Heritage's "Heritage at Risk" register in 2011"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bass_Maltings,_Sleaford 

DB 27 May 2019 

Sleaford, Bass maltings
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance & Cottages, Marham Lane
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance & Cottages, Marham Lane
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance & Cottages, Marham Lane

Entrance gateway with workers' cottages beyond.

The first cottage on the left is described by Historic England :-

"Former workers cottage, now house. c. 1900" 

Designed by A. Couchman"

"This building forms an integral part of this nationally important maltings complex"

DB 24 July 2018

Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance, A. Couchman, Workers Cottage
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance Gateway Lamp
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance Gateway Lamp
Sleaford, Bass Maltings, Entance Gateway Lamp

Detailed view of the one surviving gas lamp.

DB 24 July 2018

Sleaford, Bass Maltings, gas lamp
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery

"The present brewery was established in 1825 although it is probable that activities connected with brewing and malting have been carried out on this site for centuries.

The antique steam brewing equipment at All Saints Brewery is used to make a range of organic handcrafted fruit beers"

http://www.allsaintsbrewery.co.uk/ 

DB 25 October 2011

Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery

"Visitors to Stamford can enjoy the fruit beers at the Melbourn Bros’ pub at the brewery on All Saints Street"

http://www.allsaintsbrewery.co.uk/ 

DB 3 July 2019 

Stamford, Melbourn Brothers All Saints Brewery
Stamford, Messrs. Hunt, Brewers, Water Street
Stamford, Messrs. Hunt, Brewers, Water Street
Stamford, Messrs. Hunt, Brewers, Water Street

Listed in Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire 1885 :-

"Hunt George & Hy. Robt. brewers, Water st. St. Martin's"

There is reference to an embezzlement at the brewery :-

"Hunt’s brewery in Stamford lost around £2,500 through the embezzlements of their managing clerk Herbert Stanton, who had been with the firm for 13 years.

The resulting trial at Stamford Quarter Sessions was headline news during 1907, ending with Stanton being sentenced to three years’ imprisonment"

http://www.breweryhistory.com/journal/archive/157/Soames.pdf 

Brewery closed 1927 following acquisition by Mowbray & Co. Ltd.

http://breweryhistory.com/wiki/index.php?title=G_%26_H_R_Hunt 

DB 3 July 2019

Stamford, Messrs, Hunt, Brewers, Water Street
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery

"Batemans was founded in 1874 by George Bateman, a local farmer who sold his farm in nearby Friskney in order to rent a brewery in Wainfleet, situated by the railway ...

In 1880 Bateman had earned enough from the business to buy Salem House, a Georgian building some 200 yards from the original brewery, and a new brewery was built in its coach houses. In addition to the brewing, Bateman bottled spirits, and his wife baked bread for sale ...

By 1910 the company was engaged in the bottling of Guinness and Bass for its estate.

Bateman's son, Harry, went into the business, which he bought from his father in 1919.

The 1920s and 1930s proved to be a very lean time for the industry, partly because of severe restrictions on brewing that had come in during World War I, partly because of higher taxes, and a consequent decrease in sales.

At one point Bateman had to lay off his entire workforce, but their resulting plight made him take them back; in order to find work for them, he expanded the business into building opposite Salem House — including a derelict windmill which was to become the brewery's trademark"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batemans_Brewery 

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery

Another view of the windmill used as the brewery's trademark.

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery

Salem House fronting Station Road.

"In 1880 Bateman had earned enough from the business to buy Salem House, a Georgian building some 200 yards from the original brewery, and a new brewery was built in its coach houses.

In addition to the brewing, Bateman bottled spirits, and his wife baked bread for sale"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batemans_Brewery 

"House. c.1825, C20"

https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1224319

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem House
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery

Entrance into the Retail Department off Mill Lane.

DB 22 June 2019 

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Fermenter
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Fermenter
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Fermenter

Fermentation taking place in stainless steel tanks. 

After the wort is cooled yeast is added to it and it begins to ferment.

It is during this stage that sugars won from the malt are converted into alcohol and carbon dioxide, and the product can be called beer for the first time.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brewing 

DB 6 September 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge, fermenter
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Modern Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Modern Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Modern Brewhouse

Modern mash tun in the ‘Theatre of Beers’ built 2002.

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge, Mash Tun
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse

Mash tun in the Victorian brewhouse.

"Mashing allows the enzymes in the malt to break down the starch in the grain into sugars, typically maltose to create a malty liquid called wort"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mashing 

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge, Mash Tun
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Victorian Brewhouse

Hopback in the Victorian Brewhouse. 

"A bed of hops is tipped into vessel (or flavours eg strawberry, coffee beans). Wort soaks through the bed and takes flavours with it" 

Flavoured wort is then cooled ready for fermentation.

DB 22 June 2019 

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Hopback
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre

Display of beer pump clips in the Visitors Centre.

The name "Victory Ale" is a reference to the company retaining its independence.

"During the 1980s the company faced a difficult decision: half of the family wanted to sell up and half wanted to continue brewing.

Chairman George Bateman, his wife Pat and their children Stuart and Jaclyn saved up enough money to buy out the family members who wanted to sell, and the company lived on"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Batemans_Brewery 

DB 22 June 2019

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge, beer pump clip
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre
Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Visitors Centre

Visitor centre housed in the historic C18 windmill.

A wide range of historic artifacts relating to the brewery's history on display.  

https://www.bateman.co.uk/visitors-centre/ 

DB 22 June 2019 

Wainfleet All Saints, Batemans Brewery, Salem Bridge