*Queen Elizabeth’s School Alford founded
*The Epworth Rectory (home of John Wesley) was regularly plagued by mysterious loud noises and knockings, apparently caused by a ghost nicknamed 'Old Jeffrey', who made his presence known to all on Christmas Day 1716.
*The Grand Sluice at Boston officially opened (15 October)
*Henry Winn, poet, writer and long serving (70+ years) parish clerk of Fulletby, was born 23 January
*Drury’s History of Lincolnshire published
*St Paul’s church Carrington, architect Jeptha Pacey, completed
*Charles Chaplin MP of Blankney, sheriff of Lincolnshire, died 28 August
*St Peter’s church at Thornton le Fen (or Wildmore), designed by Jeptha Pacey, opened
*George Heneage, 2nd Lord Heneage (of Hainton) born 3 July
* St Lawrence’s Church, Skellingthorpe destroyed by fire, leaving only four walls and the square tower (2 April).
* During the Battle of the Somme, the British launched a major offensive against the Germans, employing tanks (designed and made in Lincoln) for the first time in history (15 September).
* Zeppelin LZ61 attacked Cleethorpes, dropping several bombs on the town, one of which landed on the Alexandra Road Baptist Chapel and killed 31 soldiers of the 3rd Battalion the Manchester Regiment, who were billeted there (1 April)
* John Cunningham (1897–1941), born in Swains Yard off Manley Street, Scunthorpe, was awarded the Victoria Cross for gallant action at the Battle of the Somme on 13 November 1916. Cunningham was 19 years old, and a private in the 12th (Service) Battalion, (the Hull Sportsmen's Pals battalion), The East Yorkshire Regiment.
* The airfield at Royal Air Force Waddington opened as a flying training station in November 1916
* RAF Cranwell, which had begun as The Royal Naval Air Service Central Training Establishment, commonly known as HMS Daedalus, was commissioned 1 April
*King George V opened the Keadby lifting bridge over the Trent (21 May)
*The first enemy aircraft to be shot down by a Ruston built aircraft (1 October)
*Lincolnshire won the Minor Counties Cricket Championship
*Lincolnshire Wildlife Trust set up the Protected Roadside Verge Scheme in the county, the first in Britain
*Lincoln Pop Festival held at Sincil Bank, Lincoln City FC ground (30 May). Performers included The Who and The Kinks; the MCs were Keith Fordyce and Jimmy Saville
*Floods paralysed farm work in many parts of north Lincolnshire during February
*HM Queen attended the Horse Trials at Burghley Park
*The British motor vessel Anzio I wrecked off Donna Nook, with the loss of thirteen lives (2 April)
*Mrs Violet van der Elst, of Harlaxton Manor, national campaigner against the death penalty, died 30 April
*The first edition of ‘Lincolnshire History and Archaeology’, the SLHA annual journal, published in December