Categories for 2020
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News 2020

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Maureen Birch
Loss of a much valued SLHA member

It is with great sadness that we heard of the passing of Maureen Birch on 27 November 2020. She never let up on being involved with many activities. Latterly whether it be guiding in the cathedral, preaching regularly on her local circuit of Methodist churches or helping with the editing of Neville’s last book on the industry of Stamford, she gave all.

Maureen, along with husband Neville, had been associated actively with our Society for many years. From the 1960s their particular interest in the industrial archaeology of Lincolnshire kept them busy, taking office as well as being active in the field. Chris Page recalls many happy days working with Maureen on projects, measuring and recording buildings.

I often travelled to these sites with Maureen and Neville in their Reliant 3-wheel van. I recall being bundled into the back of the van along with their two children, sitting on a bag of sand, which helped to stabilise the vehicle.

These were the early years of industrial archaeology surveys in the county when we were given the use of a room at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life. Maureen helped to clear out the pigeon muck and cobwebs before installing an elderly Gestetner duplicating machine and storage cabinet. It was from here that we sent out the first Industrial Archaeology newsletters.

Two of the projects Maureen worked on were the recording of the ‘Hett’ water wheel at Branston and the tannery at Castlethorpe, outside Brigg. She helped to organise many tours, one being a tour down the River Witham for members of the industrial archaeology group and all enjoyed travelling in the half size Keel called Delrye.

She took on an even more active role in the early 1990s when Neville became vice chairman and then chairman of the Society. Maureen joined the officers and became Society Secretary. As with everything she undertook she did it with gusto. If a job needed doing Maureen was sure to say 'I’ll do that', with the result that she was doing far more than was expected of the secretary’s role. She was serving the History of Lincolnshire Committee, selling books, organising social events and using her many skills to best advantage.

This was a time of change for the SLHA because it was new for us to have our own headquarters and a shop. Maureen was most helpful in what was still the settling in process when rooms and furniture were taking shape. Her energy was boundless.

Not content with all the demands of Jews’ Court, Maureen embarked on a local history degree with Bishop Grosseteste University, in part of which she included archaeology, and became cook manager of a LACE residential home.

On stepping down from office she and Neville kept fully active and supportive but also spent more time guiding in the cathedral. Even though latterly she could not walk for any length of time she gained permission to continue guiding from her wheelchair – nothing daunted.

We offer sympathy to Maureen’s family not only for their loss but for them having to cope with her always bubbling over with energy.

Pearl Wheatley

Maureen Birch (1937-2020)

November 2020

Nigel Burn (1951-2020)
Sudden death of SLHA Chairman

We were extremely saddened and shocked on to hear of the untimely death of Nigel Burn the Chairman of SLHA on 25 March. He was such a major asset for the Society and a friend to us all. Our sense of loss is compounded by the fact that currently we are denied the conventional methods of closure, remembrance and celebration of life

The funeral will take place at Lincoln Crematorium on Tuesday 12 May at 13.10 and will be 'webcast'. Instructions for viewing the webcast are given here plus log-in details.

When we can - and maybe with other local organisations - we will also do something appropriate to reflect Nigel's life and contribution to the City and County's heritage.


Memories of Nigel. As Chairman of SLHA and active member of the Society, Nigel touched many lives. Memories, recollections and anecdotes are invited so that we can appreciate his life as fully as possible. Contributions would be warmly welcomed by the SLHA Secretary,


Tribute from Stewart Squires, Chairman of Trustees, SLHA

Members heard with shock and regret of the death of our Chairman, Nigel Burn, who died suddenly, at home and after a short illness, on Wednesday 25 March 2020. Nigel was a retired solicitor who, in a relatively short time, made a significant contribution to the Society at a number of levels, not least as Chairman of the Executive Committee and as a Society Trustee.

Born in 1951 in Tanzania, Nigel studied Law at Leeds University and in Guildford. He was an Articled Clerk in Derby, moving to Lincoln, to work in the Gilbert Blades practice in the late 1970’s and, when that was taken over by Wilkin Chapman he worked for them as a Partner, until his retirement.

History, and Lincolnshire, was clearly important to Nigel. He was also a member of the Lincoln Castle Guides, Lincoln Cathedral Roof Guide Leader and a Floor Guide, and an active member of the national Castle Studies Group. I had the opportunity to do both the Cathedral tours with him and was impressed with his expert leadership and understanding of the building.

Nigel was the Society Vice Chairman from 2014, becoming Chairman in 2016 until his death. He had a remarkable appetite for work, outstanding intellectual ability and a keen sense of humour.

As Society Chairman and a Trustee Nigel was involved in the momentous challenges and changes to the SLHA. The period 2014 to 2020 saw first the challenge to the future of the Society with the potential loss of Jews Court as its home. Then followed the merger with the Jews Court and Bardney Abbey Trust to form the new Society as it is today. Several years work and worry distilled into two sentences. But Nigel took the leading and pivotal part in this and the successful outcome was due to his efforts.

As Chairman Nigel attended as many of the Group meetings as he could. This gave him an understanding of the interests and activities across the Society and enabled him to offer advice to each Team as well as cascade information down from the Executive and Trustee activities. Ever looking to help where he could he was very supportive of the Sleaford Group when they had administrative difficulties. He also embraced the Society’s new involvement with Bardney Abbey and was actively planning ways to resolve the maintenance and management issues of this important site.

The bookshop was another interest and active involvement. At first, in 2014, he took on the job of new book buying and went on to guide the reformation of Lincolnshire Heritage as our trading company.

He was also active in Society events, giving many talks on the history of Lincoln Castle and the significant events associated with it, his fees being donated to the Society. Most recently he also set up the series of SLHA walking tours in the centre of the City, recruited and trained the Guides and led many of the walks himself.

With his hard work and great clarity of thought he truly left the Society on a much better footing than he found it. The tragedy is that he had so much more to give and we are all so much poorer as a result of his untimely death. Nigel will be greatly missed by us all.

March 2020nigel burn

Dennis Mills (1931-2020)
Death of a notable Lincolnshire historian

We have lost a great friend and highly regarded colleague through the sudden death of Dr Dennis Mills on Monday 23 March. He made an outstanding contribution to the study of Lincolnshire's history in a multitude of ways.

Here is a short biography by Rob Wheeler first published in 'Lincoln Connections' in 2011 (a tribute to Dennis Mills on his 80th birthday).

Dennis Mills was the son of a gardener and grew up in the estate village at Winthorpe, near Newark, and then at Canwick outside Lincoln. One of his grandfathers was a small farmer at Scothern who, by hard work and a canny business sense, was able to buy his own farm at Thurlby by Bassingham. Rural society was already changing under the influence of the internal combustion engine and the shadow of the approaching war but it still retained its traditional structure.

Dennis was thus one of the last of that select group of academic geographers who could write about traditional rural society with the benefit of personal experience as well as academic rigour. As just one small example of how that affected his outlook, in considering the practices of a rural registrar of births and deaths in the mid-nineteenth century, he drew on his own experience to pose questions like how those registering births and deaths would have known where to find the registrar and what his office hours were.

After reading geography at Nottingham, with National Service looming, he chose to join the Royal Navy, for no better reason than that he had seen a little of the Army and Air Force and might as well see how the Senior Service conducted itself. The navy must have been a little unsure what to do with a graduate in a non-technical subject. They might have made a `schoolie' (an Education Branch officer) of him, but the Cold War was getting hotter, there was a massive requirement for Russian translators, and so they sent him to the Joint Service School for Linguists. He thus became one of that select group of kursanty who have so influenced the academic and artistic worlds. After service in Germany, observing a different pattern of rural society, as well as putting his Russian to good use in the service of military intelligence, he returned to Nottingham as a Demonstrator and Temporary Assistant Lecturer.

At this point, fortune may have seemed to turn her back: the temporary post came to an end without anything permanent turning up, and Dennis became a schoolteacher. Nevertheless, it provided an opportunity to take a part-time external PhD from Leicester. It was in this period also that he met his wife Joan, whose subsequent support has meant so much to him, academically as well as domestically.

A subsequent move to Melbourn Village College introduced him to that well-documented village which provided the material for a rich vein of research. Three years as a senior lecturer at Ilkley College followed, after which he joined the Open University, first as a staff tutor, then as a senior lecturer within the central academic staff. That made it possible for him and his wife Joan to move house closer to their home turf, as a result of which Dennis became involved with SLHA's publication programme, chairing its History of Lincolnshire committee and himself editing the Twentieth Century Lincolnshire volume.

Dennis's first papers stemmed more from his knowledge of the Russian language than from any deep interest in Russian geography. Besides, Russian geography must have been a rather awkward academic interest at that date, when so much of the relevant material was secret. His first publication on English geography was a division of Kesteven into characteristic regions, a piece of work still used to this day. It drew on his Nottingham MA but did not open up any new lines of investigation. The field of work for which he became best known, the extension of the traditional open/closed classification of English villages in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, started with his Leicester PhD, but then drew on the wealth of material he had uncovered relating to Melbourn, and led to a dozen papers between 1972 and 1988.

A 1978 paper on the techniques of house repopulation may have seemed a mere diversion at the time but was enthusiastically received by the growing band of amateur local historians, people who needed advice on the potential and quirks of the key sources for eighteenth- and nineteenth-century social history and a demonstration of how those sources could be used. This linked in to the activities of the Cambridge Group for the History of Population and Social Structure. In due course it led to a series of papers and books on the Census Enumerators' Books, on Land Tax Assessments and on trade directories. There must be thousands of local historians who have never read a word of Dennis's papers on open and closed villages but who regularly turn to these useful aids whenever they encounter some new oddity in these sources.

Dennis's involvement with the Cambridge Group continued after his retirement from the Open University in 1985. Indeed, freed from the burdens of teaching and administration, Dennis's output of papers grew considerably. One difference was that he was now able to pursue topics that he found interesting, without worrying about whether they would be viewed favourably in academic circles. He wrote extensively on the village of Canwick and the Sibthorp family.

He took an interest in the history of his old school. In fact, it was a wish for a base map on which to plot the residences of the subscribers to this school that served as the germ from which grew the project to republish all of Padley's large-scale Lincoln maps. He wrote on hermaphrodites - which may seem a remarkable jump in interests to those unaware that a hermaphrodite or `moffrey' is a farm cart that can be converted to a wagon.

More recently, an interest in the large-scale map produced in 1848 by the engineer George Giles to set out his proposals for providing Lincoln with a system of underground sewerage led to further work on that phase of Lincoln's long-running sewerage controversy and on the career of George Giles himself. Much of this work was aimed at a relatively wide audience, but it was all characterised by extensive research and a punctilious concern to tie in with existing work in related domains.

Not the least of the benefits Dennis conferred on Lincolnshire historical work was his encouragement of researchers from a wide range of backgrounds. A natural teacher, he had the gift of posing productive questions that can test or transform a hypothesis. He always set himself exacting standards and he encouraged others to live up to them, but in a gracious manner that exhorts rather than commands. By this means, his influence will live on long after his last paper has come off the press.


March 2020